Canthium kuntzeanum Bridson

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Synonyms: Canthium pauciflorum (Klotzsch ex Eckl. & Zeyh.) Kuntze
Canthium sp.no.1 sensu R.B. Drumm. (Chase 3576)
Plectronia pauciflora Klotzsch ex Eckl. & Zeyh.
Common names: Kidney-fruit Canthium (English) Mountain turkey-berry (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree, sometimes a liana, 1.7–10 m tall, often armed with supra-axillary spines. Bark grey. Leaves well spaced along older branches, or less often restricted to new growth, broadly elliptic or sometimes ovate, 0.5–4 cm long, hairless, thinly textured, turning blackish when dry, 3–4 main pairs of lateral veins; ciliate pit-domatia sometimes present; petioles 3–6 mm long; stipules triangular, 2–3 mm long, sheathing at base. Flowers 5-merous, solitary, or 2-3 together; peduncle 10–14 mm long; pedicels 8–15 mm long, or 16–28 mm long in solitary flowers. Corolla greenish-white; tube 2.5–4 mm long, inside with a ring of hairs near the top and; lobes oblong-triangular, c. 2 mm long. Fruit narrowly obovate or obcordate in lateral view, 9–15 mm wide, more or less indented at the apex.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: kuntzeanum: after Carl Ernst Otto Kuntze (1843-1907), German botanist, author and collector.
Habitat: In evergreen forest and evergreen scrub.
Altitude range: (metres) 1500 - 220 m
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Western Cape, Eastern Cape South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Page 337.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1090.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 618 - 620. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Canthium kuntzeanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Canthium kuntzeanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Canthium kuntzeanum
African Plant Database: Canthium kuntzeanum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Canthium kuntzeanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Canthium kuntzeanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Canthium kuntzeanum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Canthium kuntzeanum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Canthium kuntzeanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Canthium kuntzeanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Canthium kuntzeanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Canthium kuntzeanum
Ispot Southern Africa: Canthium kuntzeanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Canthium kuntzeanum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Canthium kuntzeanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Canthium kuntzeanum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Canthium kuntzeanum
Tropicos: Canthium kuntzeanum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Canthium kuntzeanum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155880, retrieved 11 December 2017

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