Keetia venosa (Oliv.) Bridson

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Keetia venosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyabamba Bridge, Chimanimani District

Keetia venosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Pungwe River at Katiyo Tea Estate

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Synonyms: Canthium venosum (Oliv.) Hiern
Plectronia venosa Oliv.
Common names: Raisin-fruit keetia (English)
Status: Native
Evergreen liane or scrambling shrub. Leaves opposite, oblong-elliptic, 4.5-14 cm long, glossy dark green, mostly glabrous except for some hairs on the veins below, domatia present but inconspicuous; base usually rounded or very shallowly cordate; net-veining, perpendicular to the midrib, conspicuous on both surfaces. Stipules triangular,abruptly tapering into a linear tip. Often smaller almost round leaves are present at the base of lateral branchlets. Flowers in dense axillary clusters, creamy-white. Fruit in clusters, sometimes slightly 2-lobed, hairless, black when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: venosa: conspicuously veined
Habitat: In margins of evergreen forest and along streams.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1525 m
Flowering time:Feb - Oct
Worldwide distribution: From Tropical West Africa to Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 25 May 2008

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 365 - 367.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276. As Canthium venosum

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 30 - 31. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 164.


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Other sources of information about Keetia venosa:

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Flora of Malawi: Keetia venosa
Flora of Mozambique: Keetia venosa
Flora of Zambia: Keetia venosa

External websites:

African Plant Database: Keetia venosa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Keetia venosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Keetia venosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Keetia venosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Keetia venosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Keetia venosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Keetia venosa
Ispot Southern Africa : Keetia venosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Keetia venosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Keetia venosa
Tropicos: Keetia venosa
West African Plants database: Keetia venosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Keetia venosa., retrieved 22 October 2016

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