Spermacoce senensis (Klotzsch) Hiern

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Spermacoce senensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Spermacoce senensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Spermacoce senensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Spermacoce senensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve.

Spermacoce senensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve.

Spermacoce senensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mana Pools, by main road to camp

Spermacoce senensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Sinamatella to Mandavu Dam, Hwange NP

Spermacoce senensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Sinamatella to Mandavu Dam, Hwange NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Borreria rhodesica Suesseng.
Borreria scabra (Schumach. & Thonn.) K. Schum.
Borreria scabra (Schumach. & Thonn.) K. Schum.
Borreria senensis (Klotzsch) K. Schum.
Diodia senensis Klotzsch
Mitracarpum dregeanum Sond.
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Sparsely branched annual herb, up to 60 cm. Stems clearly 4-ribbed, covered in spreading white hairs. Leaves narrowly elliptic-lanceolate. Flowers in clusters at the nodes, white, funnel-shaped.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: senensis: from Sena on the Zambezi River in Mozambique
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats, including as a weed of road sides and other disturbed places.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1650 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Namibia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 22 December 2005
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 105.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 421. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 109. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 74.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 93.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 99.

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Page 182.

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 57. as Borreria scabra (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Spermacoce senensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Spermacoce senensis
Flora of Caprivi: Spermacoce senensis
Flora of Malawi: Spermacoce senensis
Flora of Mozambique: Spermacoce senensis
Flora of Zambia: Spermacoce senensis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Spermacoce senensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Spermacoce senensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Spermacoce senensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Spermacoce senensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Spermacoce senensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Spermacoce senensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Spermacoce senensis
Ispot Southern Africa : Spermacoce senensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Spermacoce senensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Spermacoce senensis
Tropicos: Spermacoce senensis
West African Plants database: Spermacoce senensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Spermacoce senensis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=156800, retrieved 24 July 2016

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