Scabiosa columbaria L.

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Scabiosa columbaria

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gatsi CL, Honde Valley

Scabiosa columbaria

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd near Vumba Gateway

Scabiosa columbaria

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Scabiosa columbaria

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Scabiosa columbaria

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Mt Selinda to Espungabera border post

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Synonyms: Scabiosa austro-africana Heine
Common names: African white scabious (English) Runhema (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Perennial herb. Leaves deeply and irregularly lobed and concentrated around the lower part of the plant. The long slender stems have a terminal head of small flowers, surrounded by bristly bracts. The flowers are mostly pure white but occasional pink or lilac forms occur.
Derivation of specific name: columbaria: dove-like or dove-coloured.
Habitat: In open woodland, grassland and mountain slopes.
Altitude range: (metres) 800 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Sep - Jan
Worldwide distribution: From South Africa to Ethiopia, Near-East, North Africa and Europe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cannon, M.J. & J.F.M. (1983). Dipsacaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 81 - 84. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 52.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 410 - 411. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 77. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 39.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 45.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 135, plate 176

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 438 - 439. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 54.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 79.

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 56 - 57. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Scabiosa columbaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Scabiosa columbaria
Flora of Malawi: Scabiosa columbaria
Flora of Mozambique: Scabiosa columbaria
Flora of Zambia: Scabiosa columbaria

External websites:

African Plant Database: Scabiosa columbaria
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Scabiosa columbaria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Scabiosa columbaria
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Scabiosa columbaria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Scabiosa columbaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Scabiosa columbaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Scabiosa columbaria
Ispot Southern Africa : Scabiosa columbaria
JSTOR Plant Science: Scabiosa columbaria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Scabiosa columbaria
Tropicos: Scabiosa columbaria
West African Plants database: Scabiosa columbaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Scabiosa columbaria., retrieved 24 May 2016

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