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Photo: Mark Hyde
MacDonald's farm, Ruwa
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Small nettle (English)
Monoecious annual herb, erect or ascending, often branched from the base, 10-60 cm tall. Stipules c. 1.5 × 0.5 mm, narrowly lanceolate. Leaves 1.5-4 cm, ovate or elliptic, incised-dentate; the lower shorter than their petioles; petiole 3-5 cm long. Inflorescences dense at first, becoming lax and spike-like and up to 2.5 cm long, bisexual. Achene laterally flattened.
Notes: Appears to be the first record for Zimbabwe
Derivation of specific name:
urens: acrid, burning, stinging
Habitat: Disturbed open ground
Altitude range: (metres)
Worldwide distribution: Originally from Old World temperate regions but now widespread in all temperate regions and the highlands of the tropics.
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 30 April 2013
Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Warburg, E.F. (1952). Flora of the British Isles. 1st edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Page 713.
Urticaceae Friis, I. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 5. Comments
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Other sources of information about Urtica urens: External websites: Biodiversity Explorer
(Biodiversity of southern Africa):
Urtica urens EOL
(Encyclopedia of Life):
Urtica urens ePIC
(electronic Plant Information Center):
Urtica urens Flora Zambesiaca
Urtica urens Google
(Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for
Urtica urens IPNI
(International Plant Names Index):
Urtica urens Ispot Southern Africa
Urtica urens JSTOR Plant Science
Urtica urens Kew Herbarium catalogue
Urtica urens Tropicos
Urtica urens West African Plants database
Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M.
Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Urtica urens.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=203760, retrieved 25 October 2016
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