Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Rosales

Moraceae - Fig family

Berg, C.C. (1991) Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6)

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003) Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs or herbs (Dorstenia only), dioecious or monoecious; sap milky, very occasionally watery (e.g. in Ficus capreifolia). Stipules present. Leaves alternate, rarely subopposite or subwhorled. Inflorescence unisexual or bisexual. Male flowers: tepals 2-6 perianth 0; stamens 1-4. Female flowers: tepals 2-6 perianth 0; pistil 1; stigmas 1 or 2.

Comment: We have followed the taxonomy of Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003).

Worldwide: 38 genera and 1100 species, mostly in warm or tropical areas but with a few in temperate zones.

Zimbabwe: 4 cultivated genera and 34 cultivated taxa.

Insects associated with this family:
Cyrestis camillus (African map or -porcelain) Food plant
Naroma varipes (Figtree moth) Food plant
No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Artocarpus J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.Description, Image
Ficus L.Description, Image
Maclura Nutt.Description
Morus L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Moraceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Moraceae
Flora of Caprivi: Moraceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Moraceae
Flora of Malawi: Moraceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Moraceae
Flora of Mozambique: Moraceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Moraceae
Flora of Zambia: Moraceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Moraceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Moraceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Moraceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Moraceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Moraceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Moraceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Moraceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Moraceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Moraceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Moraceae
Wikipedia: Moraceae
Plants of the World Online: Moraceae
Tropicos: Moraceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Moraceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=142, retrieved 19 April 2024

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