Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Rosales

Moraceae - Fig family

Berg, C.C. (1991) Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6)

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003) Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs or herbs (Dorstenia only), dioecious or monoecious; sap milky, very occasionally watery (e.g. in Ficus capreifolia). Stipules present. Leaves alternate, rarely subopposite or subwhorled. Inflorescence unisexual or bisexual. Male flowers: tepals 2-6 perianth 0; stamens 1-4. Female flowers: tepals 2-6 perianth 0; pistil 1; stigmas 1 or 2.

Comment: We have followed the taxonomy of Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003).

Worldwide: 38 genera and 1100 species, mostly in warm or tropical areas but with a few in temperate zones.

Zimbabwe: 7 genera and 42 taxa.

Insects associated with this family:
Cyrestis camillus (African map or -porcelain) Food plant
Naroma varipes (Figtree moth) Food plant
Ficus abutilifolia

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Dorstenia L.Description, Image
Ficus L.Description, Image
Maclura Nutt.Description, Image
Milicia SimDescription, Image
Morus L.Description, Image
Streblus Lour.Description, Image
Trilepisium ThouarsDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Moraceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Moraceae
Flora of Caprivi: Moraceae
Flora of Malawi: Moraceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Moraceae
Flora of Mozambique: Moraceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Moraceae
Flora of Zambia: Moraceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Moraceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Moraceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Moraceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Moraceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Moraceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Moraceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Moraceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Moraceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Moraceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Moraceae
Wikipedia: Moraceae
Plants of the World Online: Moraceae
Tropicos: Moraceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Moraceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=142, retrieved 11 December 2023

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