Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Zingiberales

Strelitziaceae - Strelitzia family

Description of the family

Perennial herbs or banana-like trees with true stems. Leaves usually very large, distichous. Inflorescence partially enclosed by a boat-shaped bract. Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic. Sepals 3, petaloid; lowest boat-shaped towards the base. Petals 3, ± 3, the 2 lower connivent and forming a sagittate blade with a central channel containing the floral parts; upper petal much smaller. Stamens 5. Ovary inferior, 3-locular. Fruit a woody capsule. Seeds with a woolly aril.

Worldwide: 3 genera and 7 species, tropical America, southern Africa and Madagascar.

Zimbabwe: 2 cultivated genera and 4 cultivated taxa.

No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Ravenala Adans.Description
Strelitzia BanksDescription

Other sources of information about Strelitziaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Strelitziaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Strelitziaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Strelitziaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Strelitziaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strelitziaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strelitziaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strelitziaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strelitziaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Strelitziaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strelitziaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Strelitziaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strelitziaceae
Wikipedia: Strelitziaceae
Plants of the World Online: Strelitziaceae
Tropicos: Strelitziaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Strelitziaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=214, retrieved 7 December 2023

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