Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Verbenaceae - Verbena family

Fernandes, R. (2005) Verbenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(7)

Verdcourt, B. (1992) Verbenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa

Description of the family

Herbs, shrubs, trees or woody climbers, sometimes spiny, with often square stems. Stipules 0. Leaves usually opposite, sometimes whorled, rarely alternate, simple or dissected. Flowers mostly zygomorphic and 2-lipped, sometimes ± actinomorphic, usually 4-5-merous, usually bisexual. Calyx and corolla 4-5-lobed. Stamens 4, didynamous. Disk usually present. Ovary superior, usually 2-locular, usually soon 4 (or more)-locular by development of false septa. Ovules 2 in each true loculus. Fruit a drupe with 2-4 pyrenes or dividing at maturity into 2 or 4 nutlets.

Worldwide: 41 genera and 950 species, occurring in the tropics, particularly South America, with a few temperate species.

Zimbabwe: 9 cultivated genera and 17 cultivated taxa.

Congea tomentosa

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Aloysia Juss.Description
Citharexylum L.Description, Image
Duranta L.Description, Image
Lantana L.Description, Image
Petrea L.Description
Phyla Lour.Description
Stachytarpheta VahlDescription, Image
Tectona L.f.Description
Verbena L.Description

Other sources of information about Verbenaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Verbenaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Verbenaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Verbenaceae
Flora of Malawi: Verbenaceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Verbenaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Verbenaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Verbenaceae
Flora of Zambia: Verbenaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Verbenaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Verbenaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Verbenaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Verbenaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Verbenaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Verbenaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Verbenaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Verbenaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Verbenaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Verbenaceae
Wikipedia: Verbenaceae
Plants of the World Online: Verbenaceae
Tropicos: Verbenaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Verbenaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=231, retrieved 29 May 2024

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