7151.000 Stachytarpheta Vahl

Description of the genus

Herbs or shrubs. Leaves opposite or alternate, simple. Inflorescence an elongated terminal bracteate spike. Flowers sessile, crowded, each flower sunk into an hollow in the rhachis. Corolla blue, purple, red or white, funnel- or salver-shaped, 5-lobed. Fertile stamens 2. Ovary 2-locular. Fruit included within the persistent calyx, splitting into 2 mericarps, these shortly beaked, striate on the back and usually pitted near the apex.

Derivation of name: from the Greek: stachys, a spike, and tarpheios, thick, referring to the thick spikes of this genus.

Worldwide: 65 species, mostly in tropical and warm America; a few in the Old World.

Zimbabwe: 4 cultivated taxa.

Stachytarpheta mutabilis

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

frantzii Pol.
jamaicensis (L.) VahlDescription, Image
mutabilis (Jacq.) VahlDescription, Image
urticifolia Sims

Other sources of information about Stachytarpheta:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Stachytarpheta
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Stachytarpheta
Flora of Zambia: Stachytarpheta
Flora of Zimbabwe: Stachytarpheta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Stachytarpheta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Stachytarpheta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Stachytarpheta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Stachytarpheta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Stachytarpheta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Stachytarpheta
JSTOR Plant Science: Stachytarpheta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Stachytarpheta
Plants of the World Online: Stachytarpheta
Tropicos: Stachytarpheta
Wikipedia: Stachytarpheta

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Stachytarpheta.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1206, retrieved 28 May 2023

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