Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Poales

Bromeliaceae - Pineapple family

Bailey, L.H. (1949) Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York.

Lock, J.M. & Diniz, M.A. (2010) Bromeliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2)

Description of the family

Herbs or subshrubs, mostly epiphytic, less often terrestrial. Leaves usually stiff, numerous, overlapping, borne in rosettes, sometimes saw-toothed.. Flowers mostly actinomorphic and bisexual. Inflorescence a raceme, spike, head or branched panicle. Sepals 3; petals 3; each sometimes with ligules or scales at the base. Stamens 6. Ovary superior or inferior, 3-locular; ovules many. Fruit a berry or capsule.

Worldwide: 59 genera and 2400 species in tropical America (1 species: Pitcairnia feliciana (A. Chev.) Harms & Mildbr. occurs in W Africa)

Zimbabwe: 6 cultivated genera and 7 cultivated taxa.

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Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Aechmea Ruiz & Pav.Description
Alcantarea (É. Morren ex Mez) Harms
Ananas Mill.Description
Billbergia Thunb.Description
Dyckia Schult. f.
Tillandsia L.

Other sources of information about Bromeliaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Bromeliaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bromeliaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bromeliaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bromeliaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bromeliaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bromeliaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bromeliaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Bromeliaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bromeliaceae
Wikipedia: Bromeliaceae
Plants of the World Online: Bromeliaceae
Tropicos: Bromeliaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Bromeliaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=248, retrieved 8 December 2023

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