Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Myrtales

Combretaceae - Combretum family

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002) Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Exell, A.W. (1978) Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs, suffrutices or woody climbers. The indumentum of scales and/or hairs is taxonomically distinctive (although microscopic). Leaves simple, opposite, whorled, subopposite or alternate, almost always entire. Stipules 0. Flowers bisexual or bisexual and male in same inflorescence, usually 4-5-merous. Sepals 4 or 5 (rarely 6 or 8). Petals 4 or 5, sometimes 0. Stamens usually twice as many as petals, sometimes equal in number. Ovary inferior, 1-locular. Fruit 2-5-winged, 1-seeded.

Worldwide: 20 genera and 500 species, tropics and warm areas, especially Africa.

Zimbabwe: 5 cultivated genera and 12 cultivated taxa.

Quisqualis indica

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Anogeissus (DC.) Wall.Description, Image
Combretum Loefl.Description, Image
Pteleopsis Engl.Description
Quisqualis L.Description, Image
Terminalia L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Combretaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Combretaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Combretaceae
Flora of Malawi: Combretaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Combretaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Combretaceae
Flora of Zambia: Combretaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Combretaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Combretaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Combretaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Combretaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Combretaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Combretaceae
Wikipedia: Combretaceae
Plants of the World Online: Combretaceae
Tropicos: Combretaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Combretaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=59, retrieved 24 May 2024

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