4582.000 Schinus L.

Bailey, L.H. (1949) Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York.

Bailey, L.H. & Bailey, E.Z. (1976) Hortus Third. A concise Dictionary of Plants Cultivated in the United States and Canada Macmillan Publishing Co, Inc., New York

Description of the genus

Shrubs or trees, rarely with thorns, and with contact dermatitis-causing exudate. Leaves alternate, imparipinnate (rarely paripinnate or simple), petiolate; rhachis often winged; leaflets sessile to subsessile. Flowers in terminal and/or axillary, spike-like pseudoracemes, panicles, or leiothyrses; dioecious. Male flowers: calyx (4-)5-partite; petals (4-)5-partite; disk 8-10-lobed, cup-shaped; pistillode present; stamens (8-)10, in two whorls of different lengths. Female flowers: perianth similar to male; disk 8-10-lobed, disc-shaped; staminodes present; carpels 3; styles (1-)3; stigmas 3, capitate. Drupe small, spherical; exocarp purple to red, thin at maturity, separating from mesocarp; mesocarp resinous, fleshy, adhering to bony endocarp; 1-locular. [Description contributed by Dr Susan Pell]

Derivation of name: Greek for the mastic-tree, Pistacia lentiscus, which this genus resembles in its resinous juice.

Worldwide: 30 or more species in South America. Cultivated throughout the warm regions of the world.

Zimbabwe: 2 cultivated taxa.

Schinus molle

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesContent
molle L.Description, Image
terebinthifolius RaddiDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Schinus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Schinus
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Schinus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Schinus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Schinus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Schinus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Schinus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Schinus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Schinus
JSTOR Plant Science: Schinus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Schinus
Plants of the World Online: Schinus
Tropicos: Schinus
Wikipedia: Schinus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Schinus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1642, retrieved 20 July 2024

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