3855.000 Pisum L.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs, spreading or climbing by means of tendrils. Leaves paripinnate, the rhachis terminating in a prehensile tendril or a bristle; leaflets in 1–3 pairs; stipules small to very large, foliaceous, semicordate, usually equalling or exceeding the leaflets. Flowers solitary or in few-flowered axillary racemes; bracts small, deciduous; bracteoles absent; calyx 5-partite; tube asymmetrical, slightly gibbous at the base; teeth subequal; corolla purple, pink or white, medium-sized to large; standard broadly ovate to suborbicular with a short broad claw; wings shorter than the standard, adhering to the keel; keel shorter than the wings, oblong-falcate, often with a wing on the outer upper surface. Fruit pod oblong, little compressed, dehiscent. Seeds globular, numerous, with a slender aril.

Worldwide: Three species in the Mediterranean and West Africa.

Zimbabwe: 1 cultivated taxon.

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Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

sativum L. var. sativum Image

Other sources of information about Pisum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Pisum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pisum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pisum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pisum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pisum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pisum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pisum
JSTOR Plant Science: Pisum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pisum
Plants of the World Online: Pisum
Tropicos: Pisum
Wikipedia: Pisum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Pisum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1861, retrieved 22 April 2024

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