Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Fabales

Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae - Legume family

Leguminosae subfam. Papilionoideae


Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2007) Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3)

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002) Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5)

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7)

Schrire, B.D. (2012) Papilionoideae-Indigofereae Flora Zambesiaca 3(4) 1-245

Verdcourt, B. (2000) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6)

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs, climbers or, most often, herbs. Leaves alternate, most often pinnate or pinnately 3-foliolate, less often digitately 3-foliolate, occasionally 1-foliolate, simple or digitate; pulvinus always present at the base of each leaflet, and usually present at base of petiole. Inflorescences of racemes or panicles, less often umbellate, capitate or spicate. Flowers zygomorphic, papilionaceous, with a large, often erect, adaxial petal (standard), two lateral petals (wings) parallel with each other, and two lower petals, which are often connate by their lower margins to form a keel. Sepals united at base. Petals imbricate in bud. Stamens usually 10, rarely fewer, either all fused (monadelphous) or 1 free and 9 fused (diadelphous) or rarely all free. Pods various. Seeds without areoles.

Comment: Nowadays combined with the subfamilies Caesalpinioideae and Mimosoideae into the large family FABACEAE or LEGUMINOSAE. However, as all three are extensive and distinctive groups, it is still preferred to deal with them in separate lists.

Worldwide: 313 genera and 8,100 species, cosmopolitan.

Zimbabwe: 60 cultivated genera and 94 cultivated taxa.

Wisteria sinensis

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Aeschynomene L.Description
Arachis L.Description, Image
Bolusanthus HarmsDescription, Image
Brya P. BrowneDescription
Cajanus DC.Description, Image
Calpurnia E. Mey.Description
Canavalia DC.Description
Castanospermum A. Cunn. ex Hook.Description, Image
Centrolobium Mart. ex Benth.Description, Image
Cicer L.Description
Clitoria L.Description, Image
Cochliasanthus Trew
Craibia Harms & DunnDescription
Crotalaria L.Description, Image
Cyamopsis DC.Description
Dalbergia L.f.Description
Desmodium Desv.Description, Image
Erythrina L.Description, Image
Flemingia Roxb. ex W.T. AitonDescription
Genista L.Description
Gliricidia KunthDescription
Glycine L.Description
Hardenbergia Benth.Description
Hedysarum L.Description
Indigofera L.Description
Lablab Adans.Description
Laburnum Fabr.Description
Lathyrus L.Description
Lens Mill.Description
Lonchocarpus KunthDescription, Image
Lotus L.Description, Image
Lupinus L.Description, Image
Macroptilium (Benth.) Urb.Description
Medicago L.Description
Millettia Wight & Arn.Description, Image
Mundulea (DC.) Benth.Description
Parochetus Buch.-Ham. ex D. DonDescription
Phaseolus L.Description
Philenoptera Fenzl ex A. Rich.Description
Pisum L.Description
Podalyria Willd.Description
Pseudovigna (Harms) Verdc.Description
Pueraria DC.Description
Rhynchosia Lour.Description
Robinia L.Description, Image
Sesbania Scop.Description
Sophora L.Description
Spartium L.Description
Strongylodon VogelDescription, Image
Stylosanthes Sw.Description
Styphnolobium Schott ex Endl.
Tipuana (Benth.) Benth.Description, Image
Trifolium L.Description
Trigonella L.Description
Ulex L.Description
Vicia L.Description
Vigna SaviDescription
Virgilia Poir.Description
Wisteria Nutt.Description, Image
Xanthocercis Baill.Description

Other sources of information about Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Botswana: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Caprivi: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Malawi: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Mozambique: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zambia: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
JSTOR Plant Science: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Wikipedia: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Plants of the World Online: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Tropicos: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=165, retrieved 27 February 2024

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