3807.000 Desmodium Desv.

Ohashi, H. & Ohashi, K. (2019) Desmodium (Leguminosae Tribe Desmodieae) of Africa, Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands Journal of Japanese Botany 94(3) 135148

Ohashi, K, Ohashi, H., Nemoto, T., Ikeda, T., Izumi, H., Kobayashi, H., Muragaki, H., Nata, K., Sato, N. & Suzuki, M. (2018) Phylogenetic Analyses for a New Classification of the Desmodium Group of Leguminosae Tribe Desmodieae Journal of Japanese Botany 93(3) 165189

Verdcourt, B. (2000) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6)

Description of the genus

Shrubs or herbs. Stipules free or joined; stipels present. Leaves 1-foliolate or pinnately 3-foliolate. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, falsely racemose or paniculate. Calyx not glume-like, small (tube usually 1-2 mm, lobes 1-5 mm (in ours)), 5-lobed, either the lobes subequal or mostly ± 2-lipped. Standard variously coloured. Ovary sessile (1-)2-many-ovulate. Pod transversely jointed, flattened with (1-)2-many 1-seeded articles, often with hooked hairs.

Comment: Recent phylogenic research established that the formerly broadly described genus Desmodium was polyphyletic. This means that only those species native to tropical America and introduced in Africa and elsewhere remain as Desmodium. All native species formerly placed in Desmodium have now been moved to various new genera: Grona, Bouffordia, Polhillides and Pleurolobus. One species had already previously moved to Hylodesmum.

Worldwide: 187 species native Central and South America with some widely introduced in the Old World tropics.

Zimbabwe: 5 cultivated taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Antheua simplex (Burnished frill) Food plant
Mocis mayeri (Brown Lines) Larval food plant
Desmodium uncinatum

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesContent
incanum DC.
intortum (Mill.) Urb.
nicaraguense Oersted
subsecundum Vogel
uncinatum (Jacq.) DC.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Desmodium:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Desmodium
Flora of Caprivi: Desmodium
Flora of Malawi: Desmodium
Flora of Mozambique: Desmodium
Flora of Zambia: Desmodium
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Desmodium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Desmodium

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Desmodium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Desmodium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Desmodium
Wikipedia: Desmodium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Desmodium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Desmodium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Desmodium.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=744, retrieved 21 September 2021

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