Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Fabales

Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae - Legume family

Leguminosae subfam. Papilionoideae


Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2007) Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3)

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002) Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5)

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7)

Schrire, B.D. (2012) Papilionoideae-Indigofereae Flora Zambesiaca 3(4) 1-245

Verdcourt, B. (2000) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6)

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs, climbers or, most often, herbs. Leaves alternate, most often pinnate or pinnately 3-foliolate, less often digitately 3-foliolate, occasionally 1-foliolate, simple or digitate; pulvinus always present at the base of each leaflet, and usually present at base of petiole. Inflorescences of racemes or panicles, less often umbellate, capitate or spicate. Flowers zygomorphic, papilionaceous, with a large, often erect, adaxial petal (standard), two lateral petals (wings) parallel with each other, and two lower petals, which are often connate by their lower margins to form a keel. Sepals united at base. Petals imbricate in bud. Stamens usually 10, rarely fewer, either all fused (monadelphous) or 1 free and 9 fused (diadelphous) or rarely all free. Pods various. Seeds without areoles.

Comment: Nowadays combined with the subfamilies Caesalpinioideae and Mimosoideae into the large family FABACEAE or LEGUMINOSAE. However, as all three are extensive and distinctive groups, it is still preferred to deal with them in separate lists.

Worldwide: 313 genera and 8,100 species, cosmopolitan.

Zimbabwe: 89 genera and 558 taxa.

Crotalaria rogersii

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Abrus Adans.Description, Image
Adenodolichos HarmsDescription
Aeschynomene L.Description, Image
Alysicarpus Desv.Description, Image
Antopetitia A. Rich.Description, Image
Arachis L.Description, Image
Argyrolobium Eckl. & Zeyh.Description, Image
Astragalus L.Description, Image
Baphia Afzel. ex G. Lodd.Description, Image
Bobgunnia J.H. Kirkbr. & WiersemaDescription, Image
Bolusanthus HarmsDescription, Image
Bolusia Benth.Description, Image
Cajanus DC.Description, Image
Calpurnia E. Mey.Description, Image
Canavalia DC.Description, Image
Centrosema (DC.) Benth.Description, Image
Clitoria L.Description, Image
Cordyla Lour.Description, Image
Craibia Harms & DunnDescription, Image
Crotalaria L.Description, Image
Cullen Medik.Description, Image
Cyamopsis DC.Description
Cyclocarpa Afzel. ex BakerDescription
Dalbergia L.f.Description, Image
Dalbergiella Baker f.Description, Image
Decorsea R. Vig.Description, Image
Desmodium Desv.Description, Image
Dichilus DC.Description
Dolichos L.Description, Image
Droogmansia De Wild.Description, Image
Dumasia DC.Description, Image
Eminia Taub.Description, Image
Eriosema (DC.) Rchb.Description, Image
Erythrina L.Description, Image
Flemingia Roxb. ex W.T. AitonDescription, Image
Galactia P. BrowneDescription, Image
Grona Lour.Image
Hylodesmum H. Ohashi & R.R. MillImage
Indigastrum Jaub. & SpachDescription
Indigofera L.Description, Image
Kotschya Endl.Description, Image
Lablab Adans.Description, Image
Lessertia DC.Description
Lotononis (DC.) Eckl. & Zeyh.Description, Image
Lotus L.Description, Image
Lupinus L.Description, Image
Macroptilium (Benth.) Urb.Description, Image
Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.Description, Image
Medicago L.Description
Melilotus Mill.Description, Image
Microcharis Benth.Description
Millettia Wight & Arn.Description, Image
Mucuna Adans.Description, Image
Mundulea (DC.) Benth.Description, Image
Neonotonia J.A. LackeyDescription, Image
Neorautanenia SchinzDescription, Image
Ophrestia H.M.L. ForbesDescription
Ormocarpum P. Beauv.Description, Image
Otholobium C.H. Stirt.Description, Image
Otoptera DC.Description, Image
Pearsonia DummerDescription, Image
Pericopsis ThwaitesDescription, Image
Phaseolus L.Description
Philenoptera Fenzl ex A. Rich.Description, Image
Pleurolobus J.St.-Hil.Image
Polhillides H.Ohashi & K.OhashiImage
Pseudarthria Wight & Arn.Description, Image
Pseudeminia Verdc.Description
Psophocarpus Necker ex DC.Description
Pterocarpus Jacq.Description, Image
Ptycholobium HarmsDescription, Image
Requienia DC.Description
Rhynchosia Lour.Description, Image
Rothia Pers.Description
Sesbania Scop.Description, Image
Sophora L.Description, Image
Sphenostylis E. Mey.Description, Image
Stylosanthes Sw.Description, Image
Tephrosia Pers.Description, Image
Teramnus P. BrowneDescription
Tipuana (Benth.) Benth.Description, Image
Trifolium L.Description, Image
Uraria Desv.Description, Image
Vicia L.Description, Image
Vigna SaviDescription, Image
Wajira Thulin
Xanthocercis Baill.Description, Image
Xeroderris RobertyDescription, Image
Zornia J.F. Gmel.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Botswana: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Caprivi: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Malawi: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Mozambique: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zambia: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
JSTOR Plant Science: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Wikipedia: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Plants of the World Online: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Tropicos: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=165, retrieved 22 May 2024

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