Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Fabales

Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae - Legume family

Leguminosae subfam. Papilionoideae


Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002) Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5)

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7)

Verdcourt, B. (2000) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6)

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs, climbers or, most often, herbs. Leaves alternate, most often pinnate or pinnately 3-foliolate, less often digitately 3-foliolate, occasionally 1-foliolate, simple or digitate; pulvinus always present at the base of each leaflet, and usually present at base of petiole. Inflorescences of racemes or panicles, less often umbellate, capitate or spicate. Flowers zygomorphic, papilionaceous, with a large, often erect, adaxial petal (standard), two lateral petals (wings) parallel with each other, and two lower petals, which are often connate by their lower margins to form a keel. Sepals united at base. Petals imbricate in bud. Stamens usually 10, rarely fewer, either all fused (monadelphous) or 1 free and 9 fused (diadelphous) or rarely all free. Pods various. Seeds without areoles.

Comment: Nowadays combined with the subfamilies Caesalpinioideae and Mimosoideae into the large family FABACEAE or LEGUMINOSAE. However, as all three are extensive and distinctive groups, it is still preferred to deal with them in separate lists.

Worldwide: 313 genera and 8,100 species, cosmopolitan.

Zimbabwe: 56 cultivated genera and 82 cultivated taxa.

Craibia brevicaudata subsp. baptistarum

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Aeschynomene L.Description
Arachis L.Description, Image
Bolusanthus HarmsDescription, Image
Brya P. Browne
Cajanus DC.Description
Calpurnia E. Mey.Description
Canavalia DC.Description
Castanospermum A. Cunn. ex Hook.
Cicer L.
Clitoria L.Description, Image
Craibia Harms & DunnDescription
Crotalaria L.Description, Image
Cyamopsis DC.
Dalbergia L.f.Description
Desmodium Desv.Description, Image
Erythrina L.Description, Image
Flemingia Roxb. ex W.T. AitonDescription
Genista L.
Gliricidia Kunth
Glycine L.Description
Hardenbergia Benth.
Hedysarum L.
Indigofera L.Description
Lablab Adans.Description
Laburnum Fabr.
Lathyrus L.
Lens Mill.
Lonchocarpus Kunth
Lupinus L.Description
Macroptilium (Benth.) Urb.Description
Medicago L.Description
Millettia Wight & Arn.Description, Image
Parochetus Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don
Phaseolus L.
Philenoptera Fenzl ex A. Rich.Description
Pisum L.
Podalyria Willd.
Pseudovigna (Harms) Verdc.
Pueraria DC.
Rhynchosia Lour.Description
Robinia L.Description, Image
Sesbania Scop.Description
Sophora L.Description
Spartium L.
Strongylodon VogelDescription, Image
Stylosanthes Sw.Description
Styphnolobium Schott ex Endl.
Tipuana (Benth.) Benth.Description, Image
Trifolium L.Description
Trigonella L.
Ulex L.
Vicia L.Description
Vigna SaviDescription
Virgilia Poir.
Wisteria Nutt.Description, Image
Xanthocercis Baill.Description

Other sources of information about Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Botswana: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Caprivi: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Malawi: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Mozambique: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zambia: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=165, retrieved 30 May 2016

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