3669.000 Crotalaria L.

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7)

Description of the genus

Herbs, shrubs or rarely small trees (capensis and pallidicaulis). Stipules filiform to leaf-like, or 0. Leaves simple, 1-foliolate or digitately 3(-7)-foliolate, usually petiolate. Flowers usually yellow, variously marked, less often white or blue, usually in terminal leaf-opposed or less commonly axillary racemes or heads; bract and paired bracteoles usually present. Calyx usually with 5 subequal lobes. Standard usually with 2 appendages at the base inside; keel rounded to angled, generally with a well-developed beak. Stamens joined in a sheath; anthers arranged alternately with 5 long, basifixed and 5, smaller, dorsifixed. Style curved or geniculate, usually with 1-2 lines of hairs in the upper part, the basal portion thicker than the upper. Legume usually inflated, 1-many seeded.

Worldwide: 600 species throughout the tropics (and subtropics), most numerous in eastern and southern tropical Africa

Zimbabwe: 10 cultivated taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Alytarchia amanda (Cheetah) Food plant
Azygophleps scalaris (Sesbania stem borer) Larval foodplant
Crotalaria pallida var. pallida

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesContent
agatiflora Schweinf. subsp. imperialis (Taub.) PolhillImage
brevidens Benth. var. intermedia (Kotschy) Polhill
juncea L.Description, Image
longithyrsa Baker f. var. latifolia R. Wilczek
micans Link
pallida Aiton var. pallida Description, Image
paulina Schrank
semperflorens Vent.
spectabilis Roth
verrucosa L.

Other sources of information about Crotalaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Crotalaria
Flora of Botswana: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Caprivi: Crotalaria
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Malawi: Crotalaria
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Mozambique: Crotalaria
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Zambia: Crotalaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crotalaria

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crotalaria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crotalaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Crotalaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crotalaria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crotalaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Crotalaria.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=714, retrieved 27 June 2016

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