3669.000 Crotalaria L.

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7)

Description of the genus

Herbs, shrubs or rarely small trees (capensis and pallidicaulis). Stipules filiform to leaf-like, or 0. Leaves simple, 1-foliolate or digitately 3(-7)-foliolate, usually petiolate. Flowers usually yellow, variously marked, less often white or blue, usually in terminal leaf-opposed or less commonly axillary racemes or heads; bract and paired bracteoles usually present. Calyx usually with 5 subequal lobes. Standard usually with 2 appendages at the base inside; keel rounded to angled, generally with a well-developed beak. Stamens joined in a sheath; anthers arranged alternately with 5 long, basifixed and 5, smaller, dorsifixed. Style curved or geniculate, usually with 1-2 lines of hairs in the upper part, the basal portion thicker than the upper. Legume usually inflated, 1-many seeded.

Worldwide: 600 species throughout the tropics (and subtropics), most numerous in eastern and southern tropical Africa

Zimbabwe: 86 taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Alytarchia amanda (Cheetah) Food plant
Azygophleps scalaris (Sesbania stem borer) Larval foodplant
Coeliades pisistratus (Two-pip policeman) Larval foodplant
Crotalaria cephalotes

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
abbreviata Baker f.C
alexandri Baker f.N,C,EDescription, Image
anisophylla (Hiern) Welw. ex Baker f.N,W,CDescription, Image
anthyllopsis Welw. ex BakerN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
barkae Schweinf. subsp. barkae N,W,C
barnabassii Dinter ex Baker f.N,W,E,S
bequaertii Baker f.N,C
bernieri Baill.E
capensis Jacq.C,E
caudata Welw. ex BakerEDescription, Image
cephalotes Steud. ex A.Rich.N,W,C,EDescription, Image
chirindae Baker f.C,E
cleomifolia Welw. ex BakerEDescription, Image
collina Polhill[NrEnd?]C,E,SDescription, Image
cupricola Leteinturier[End]N
cylindrostachys Welw. ex BakerN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
damarensis Engl.N,W,C,E,SDescription
deserticola Taub. ex Baker f.N,C
distans Benth. subsp. macaulayae (Baker f.) PolhillN,W,C
distans Benth. subsp. macrotropis (Baker f.) PolhillCDescription, Image
distans Benth. subsp. mediocris PolhillW,S
eremicola Baker f. subsp. parviflora PolhillN
filicaulis Welw. ex Baker var. filicaulis N,W,C,EDescription, Image
flavicarinata Baker f.WDescription, Image
gazensis Baker f. subsp. gazensis N,E,SDescription, Image
gazensis Baker f. subsp. herbacea PolhillC,E,S
glauca Willd.N,C,EDescription, Image
goreensis Guill. & Perr.NDescription, Image
grandistipulata HarmsN
heidmannii SchinzW,E
hyssopifolia KlotzschE
incana L. subsp. incana E
incana L. subsp. purpurascens (Lam.) Milne-Redh.N,C,EDescription, Image
insignis Polhill[NrEnd]E
inyangensis Polhill[End]C,EDescription, Image
juncea L.N,W,C,EDescription, Image
kapiriensis De Wild.W,C,E
kipandensis Baker f.NDescription, Image
kuiririensis Baker f.N
laburnifolia L. subsp. australis (Baker f.) PolhillE,SDescription
laburnifolia L. subsp. laburnifolia N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
lachnocarpoides Engl.E,SDescription, Image
lachnophora A. Rich.N,C,E,SDescription, Image
lanceolata E. Mey. subsp. lanceolata C,E,SDescription, Image
lanceolata E. Mey. subsp. prognatha PolhillN,C,E
lotoides Benth.W,S
macrocarpa E. Mey. subsp. matopoensis Polhill[End]W
microcarpa Hochst. ex Benth.N,C,E,SDescription, Image
monteiroi Taub. ex Baker f. var. monteiroi S
monteiroi Taub. ex Baker f. var. galpinii Burtt Davy ex I. Verd.S
natalitia Meisn. var. natalitia N,C,E,SDescription, Image
natalitia Meisn. var. rutshuruensis De Wild.EDescription, Image
ochroleuca G. DonN,W,C,EDescription, Image
orientalis Burtt Davy ex I. Verd. subsp. allenii (I. Verd.) Polhill & A. Schreib.N,W
pallida Aiton var. pallida N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
pallidicaulis HarmsN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
phylicoides Wild[NrEnd][LR-nt]EDescription, Image
pisicarpa Welw. ex BakerN,W,C,S
platysepala Harv.N,W,E,S
podocarpa DC.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
polysperma KotschyN
recta Steud. ex A. Rich.C,EDescription, Image
reptans Taub.N
reptans- intermediates with pisicarpa N
rhodesiae Baker f.N,C,E,SDescription, Image
rogersii Baker f.N,C,SDescription, Image
schinzii Baker f.S
schlechteri Baker f.C
senegalensis (Pers.) Bacle ex DC.N,EDescription, Image
serpentinicola Leteinturier & Polhill[End]N
shirensis (Baker f.) Milne-Redh.N,W,CDescription, Image
sparsifolia BakerN
spartea BakerC,E
sphaerocarpa Perr. ex DC. subsp. sphaerocarpa N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
spinosa Hochst. ex Benth.N,E
steudneri Schweinf.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
stolzii (Baker f.) Milne-Redh. ex PolhillC,E
subcapitata De Wild. var. subcapitata E
ulbrichiana HarmsN
valida BakerC,EDescription, Image
variegata Welw. ex BakerN,C,EDescription, Image
vasculosa Wall. ex Benth.E,S
virgulata Klotzsch[Agg]
virgulata Klotzsch subsp. grantiana (Harv.) PolhillSDescription, Image
virgulata Klotzsch subsp. longistyla (Baker f.) PolhillN,C,S
virgulata Klotzsch subsp. virgulata N,W,E,SDescription

Other sources of information about Crotalaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Crotalaria
Flora of Botswana: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Caprivi: Crotalaria
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Malawi: Crotalaria
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Mozambique: Crotalaria
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Zambia: Crotalaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Crotalaria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crotalaria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crotalaria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crotalaria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crotalaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Crotalaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crotalaria
JSTOR Plant Science: Crotalaria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crotalaria
Plants of the World Online: Crotalaria
Tropicos: Crotalaria
Wikipedia: Crotalaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Crotalaria.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=714, retrieved 20 May 2024

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