3718.000 Tephrosia Pers.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs or shrubs. Hairs basifixed. Leaves usually imparipinnate, rarely palmate or 1-foliolate; leaflets opposite or subopposite, often silky, entire, usually narrowed at base and widest above middle, often with a prominent marginal nerve. Flowers 2 or more together in leaf axils or at the nodes of pseudoracemes, which are sometimes condensed and appearing subcapitate or subumbellate. Calyx 5-lobed, the upper 2 lobes often ± united. Corolla usually reddish-purple; standard pubescent outside. Upper filament lightly attached to others, less often free; other filaments fused for 2/3 to 4/5 of their length. Ovary pubescent, sessile. Pod linear or oblong, ± flattened, beaked, usually dehiscent. Seeds may be longitudinal (long axis parallel to that of pod), transverse or oblique. Aril almost 0 to well-developed.

Worldwide: 400 species in warm regions, mostly Africa and Australia

Zimbabwe: 54 taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Mocis mayeri (Brown Lines) Larval food plant
Tephrosia festina

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
acaciifolia Welw. ex BakerN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
aequilata BakerEDescription, Image
caerulea Baker f. subsp. caerulea N,W
candida DC.C
cephalantha Welw. ex Baker var. decumbens Welw. ex BakerN,W,C,S
chimanimaniana Brummitt[NrEnd][DD]E
coronilloides Welw. ex BakerC
dasyphylla Welw. ex Baker subsp. dasyphylla N,C,EDescription, Image
decora Welw. ex BakerN,C
elata Deflers subsp. elata N,CDescription, Image
elata Deflers subsp. heckmanniana (Harms) Brummitt var. heckmanniana N,C,E,SDescription, Image
elongata E. Mey. var. lasiocaulos Brummitt[End][DD]W,E
euchroa I. Verd.S
euprepes BrummittN,W,E
festina Brummitt[End][DD]EDescription, Image
forbesii Baker subsp. interior BrummittS
grandibracteata Merxm.C,E
lepida Baker f. subsp. lepida N,C
limpopoensis J.B. GillettS
linearis (Willd.) Pers. var. linearis C,E
linearis (Willd.) Pers. var. discolor (E. Mey.) BrummittN,W,C
linearis (Willd.) Pers.[Agg]N,W,C,EDescription, Image
longipes Meisn. var. longipes N,W,C,E,S
longipes Meisn. var. swynnertonii (Baker f.) Brummitt[NrEnd]E
longipes Meisn. var. drummondii (Brummitt) Brummitt[NrEnd][DD]EDescription, Image
longipes Meisn. var. lissocarpa (Brummitt) BrummittW
lupinifolia DC.N,W,C,SDescription, Image
lurida Sond.N,W,C,EDescription, Image
meisneri Hutch. & Burtt DavyE,S
micrantha J.B. GillettN,C,E
montana Brummitt[NrEnd]E
noctiflora Bojer ex BakerN,W,E,SDescription, Image
paniculata Baker subsp. paniculata N,C,E
paradoxa BrummittN
praecana Brummitt[NrEnd][VU]E
pumila (Lam.) Pers. var. pumila N,W,C,E,S
purpurea (L.) Pers. subsp. altissima BrummittE
purpurea (L.) Pers. subsp. leptostachya (DC.) BrummittN,W,E,SDescription, Image
purpurea (L.) Pers. subsp. leptostachya (DC.) Brummitt var. delagoensis (H.M.L. Forbes) BrummittN,SDescription
purpurea (L.) Pers. subsp. leptostachya (DC.) Brummitt var. pubescens BakerN,W,C,E,SDescription
purpurea (L.) Pers. subsp. purpurea N,C,S
radicans Welw. ex BakerN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
reptans Baker var. reptans N,W,C,E,S
rhodesica Baker f. var. rhodesica N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
rhodesica Baker f. var. evansii (Hutch. & Burtt Davy) BrummittS
rhodesica Baker f. var. polystachyoides (Baker f.) BrummittN,W,C,E,S
rupicola J.B. Gillett subsp. dreweana Brummitt[End][DD]SDescription
rupicola J.B. Gillett subsp. rupicola [End][DD]CDescription
stormsii De Wild. var. stormsii N,W,E
uniflora Pers. subsp. uniflora N,W,E,SDescription, Image
villosa (L.) Pers. subsp. ehrenbergiana (Schweinf.) Brummitt var. ehrenbergiana N,E,SDescription
villosa (L.) Pers. subsp. ehrenbergiana (Schweinf.) Brummitt var. daviesii BrummittN,W,SDescription, Image
vogelii Hook. f.C,EDescription, Image
zoutpansbergensis Bremek.S

Other sources of information about Tephrosia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Tephrosia
Flora of Caprivi: Tephrosia
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Tephrosia
Flora of Malawi: Tephrosia
Flora of Mozambique: Tephrosia
Flora of Zambia: Tephrosia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tephrosia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tephrosia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tephrosia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tephrosia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tephrosia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tephrosia
JSTOR Plant Science: Tephrosia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tephrosia
Plants of the World Online: Tephrosia
Tropicos: Tephrosia
Wikipedia: Tephrosia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Tephrosia.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=726, retrieved 10 December 2023

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