7188.000 Gmelina L.

Fayaz, F. (2011) Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants Firefly Books, New Zealand

Description of the genus

Trees, tall shrubs, rarely sub-shrubs, often climbing when young; branchlets tomentose, often spiny. Leaves opposite; lamina simple, sometimes lobed, usually with large glands near the base. Inflorescence usually of cymes or panicles, terminal, sometimes 1-flowered in leaf axils. Calyx campanulate, persistent and enlarged in fruit; corolla zygomorphic, tube narrow at base, throat wide, limb oblique, 2-lipped; upper lip bi-lobed or entire; lower lip tri-lobed with mid-lobe larger. Fruit a drupe, succulent, endocarp bony, mesocarp fleshy. Seeds 4, or by abortion 3 or 2.

Derivation of name: for Johann Georg Gmelin, 1709-1755, German physician, botanist and plant collector.

Worldwide: 35 species Pakistan to China, West and North Central Melesia.

Zimbabwe: 2 cultivated taxa.

Gmelina arborea

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

arborea Roxb.Description, Image
philippensis Cham.

Other sources of information about Gmelina:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Gmelina
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Gmelina
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Gmelina
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Gmelina

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gmelina
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gmelina
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gmelina
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gmelina
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Gmelina
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gmelina
JSTOR Plant Science: Gmelina
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gmelina
Plants of the World Online: Gmelina
Tropicos: Gmelina
Wikipedia: Gmelina

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Gmelina.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=2322, retrieved 22 June 2024

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