4100.000 Citrus L.

Description of the genus

Small trees or shrubs, sometimes armed. Leaves alternate, 1-3-foliolate, sometimes with a winged rhachis. Flowers solitary or in clusters, bisexual, (4-)5-merous. Stamens numerous, arranged in bundles. Ovary (4-)5-many-locular; loculi 4-8-ovulate. Fruit large, spherical, ovoid or obovoid, many-seeded.

Worldwide: 20 species in S and SE Asia to E Australia

Zimbabwe: 8 cultivated taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Achaea catella (Banded achaea) Larval food plant
Ericeia inangulata (Sober Tabby) Larval food plant
Eudocima divitiosa (Spotless underwing) Larval foodplant
Papilio nireus (Green-banded swallowtail) Larval foodplant
Thyas rubricata Larval foodplant
No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

hystrix DC.
maxima (Burm.) Merr.
medica L.
reticulata Blanco
trifoliata L.
× aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
× aurantium L.
× limon (L.) Burm. f.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Citrus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Citrus
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Citrus
Flora of Mozambique: Citrus
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Citrus
Flora of Zambia: Citrus
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Citrus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Citrus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Citrus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Citrus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Citrus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Citrus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Citrus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Citrus
JSTOR Plant Science: Citrus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Citrus
Plants of the World Online: Citrus
Tropicos: Citrus
Wikipedia: Citrus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Citrus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=809, retrieved 16 June 2024

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