Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Sapindales

Rutaceae - Citrus family

Mendonça, F. A. (1963) Rutaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1)

Description of the family

Armed or unarmed trees or shrubs, sometimes climbing, rarely suffrutices or perennial herbs (Thamnosma only). Stipules 0. Leaves opposite or alternate, simple or compound, often aromatic when crushed, dotted with translucent glands which may be confined to the margin only, usually readily visible when the leaf is held up to the light. Inflorescence a panicle, raceme or cluster. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, (2-)4-5-merous. Petals free. Stamens as many as or twice the number of petals, inserted at base of disk. Ovary composed of a single carpel or of 2-5(-7) partially or wholly united carpels, superior or semi-inferior. Fruit baccate or drupaceous, 1-4-locular or a capsule or rarely a 1-seeded follicle.

Worldwide: 153 genera and 1,800 species, cosmopolitan, but especially in tropical areas.

Zimbabwe: 10 cultivated genera and 21 cultivated taxa.

Insects associated with this family:
Papilio nireus (Green-banded swallowtail) Food plant
Murraya paniculata

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Balfourodendron Corr.Mello ex Oliv.Description
Calodendrum Thunb.Description, Image
Casimiroa La LlaveDescription
Citrus L.Description
Clausena Burm. f.Description
Fortunella SwingleDescription
Murraya L.Description, Image
Ruta L.Description
Tetradium Lour.
Vepris Comm. ex A. Juss.Description

Other sources of information about Rutaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Rutaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Rutaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Rutaceae
Flora of Malawi: Rutaceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Rutaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Rutaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Rutaceae
Flora of Zambia: Rutaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Rutaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rutaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rutaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rutaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rutaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rutaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Rutaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rutaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Rutaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rutaceae
Wikipedia: Rutaceae
Plants of the World Online: Rutaceae
Tropicos: Rutaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Rutaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=199, retrieved 16 June 2024

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