Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.

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Common names: Finger millet (English) Rapoko (Shona)
Description: Tillering annual to c. 1 m tall; leaf sheaths compressed and keeled; inflorescence of 2–7 digitately arranged, congested, somewhat flat, brownish, one-sided spikes which curve inward at maturity; grain spherical.
Notes: It is thought to have been derived from E. africana (see Hiremath & Salimath in Bothalia 21: 161–162 (1991) and de Wet et al. in Amer. J. Bot. 71: 550–557 (1984)).
Derivation of specific name:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: This species is cultivated in the tropics and subtropics of the Old World for the grain.
Growth form(s):
Insects associated with this species:
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Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 342. as Eleusine coracana africana (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 24. Eleusine coracana africana

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 156 - 157. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 67.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 103.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.

Other sources of information about Eleusine coracana:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Eleusine coracana
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Eleusine coracana
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Eleusine coracana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eleusine coracana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eleusine coracana
African Plant Database: Eleusine coracana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eleusine coracana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eleusine coracana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eleusine coracana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eleusine coracana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eleusine coracana
JSTOR Plant Science: Eleusine coracana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eleusine coracana
Plants of the World Online: Eleusine coracana
Tropicos: Eleusine coracana
Wikipedia: Eleusine coracana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Eleusine coracana.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=105340, retrieved 19 May 2024

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