Lilium formosanum (Baker) Wallace

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Lilium formosanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd at Genaina

Lilium formosanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd at Genaina

Lilium formosanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

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Synonyms: Lilium philippinense Baker
Common names: Formosa lily (English) St Joseph's lily (English)
Description: Robust herb with an annual flowering stem, growing from a bulb, 2-4 cm in diameter. Stem unbranched, 0.8-1.7 m tall and 4-12 mm in diameter, often maroon or purple-brown. Leaves spiralled all along the stem, linear-lanceolate, 4-18 cm long, smaller and less dense towards the top of the stem. Flowers usually 1-3, large, trumpet-shaped, white, often with a purple-brown tinge, pleasantly scented. Tepals 11-22 cm long, recurved in the apical third.
Notes: A striking garden plant, well naturalised in the cooler wetter parts of the Eastern Highlands and also in gum plantations in the Marondera area.
Derivation of specific name: formosanum: of Formosa (Taiwan)
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Native and endemic in Taiwan; naturalised in the Neotropics, Australasia, East and Central Africa, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Growth form(s):
Insects associated with this species:
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Image last updated: Tuesday 3 April 2007
Literature:

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 37.

Henderson, L. (2001). Alien weeds and invasive plants Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa. Page 51. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 93.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 92 - 93. (Includes a picture).

Wilkin, P. (2009). Liliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(2) Pages 196 - 197. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Lilium formosanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Lilium formosanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lilium formosanum
African Plant Database: Lilium formosanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lilium formosanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lilium formosanum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Lilium formosanum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Lilium formosanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lilium formosanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Lilium formosanum
iNaturalist: Lilium formosanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lilium formosanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Lilium formosanum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Lilium formosanum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Lilium formosanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lilium formosanum
Plants of the World Online: Lilium formosanum
Tropicos: Lilium formosanum
Wikipedia: Lilium formosanum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Lilium formosanum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=114120, retrieved 29 November 2020

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