Lilium formosanum (Baker) Wallace

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Lilium formosanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd at Genaina

Lilium formosanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd at Genaina

Lilium formosanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

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Synonyms: Lilium philippinense Baker
Common names: Formosa lily (English) St Joseph's lily (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Introduced
Robust herb with an annual flowering stem, growing from a bulb, 2-4 cm in diameter. Stem unbranched, 0.8-1.7 m tall and 4-12 mm in diameter, often maroon or purple-brown. Leaves spiralled all along the stem, linear-lanceolate, 4-18 cm long, smaller and less dense towards the top of the stem. Flowers usually 1-3, large, trumpet-shaped, white, often with a purple-brown tinge, pleasantly scented. Tepals 11-22 cm long, recurved in the apical third.
Notes: A striking garden plant, well naturalised in the cooler wetter parts of the Eastern Highlands and also in gum plantations in the Marondera area.
Derivation of specific name: formosanum: of Formosa (Taiwan)
Habitat: Road sides, gum plantations, forest margins and montane grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 1700 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Native and endemic in Taiwan; naturalised in the Neotropics, Australasia, East and Central Africa, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 3 April 2007

Henderson, L. (2001). Alien weeds and invasive plants Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa. Page 51. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 93.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 92 - 93. (Includes a picture).

Wilkin, P. (2009). Liliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(2) Pages 196 - 197. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Lilium formosanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Lilium formosanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lilium formosanum
African Plant Database: Lilium formosanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lilium formosanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lilium formosanum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Lilium formosanum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Lilium formosanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lilium formosanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Lilium formosanum
iNaturalist: Lilium formosanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lilium formosanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Lilium formosanum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Lilium formosanum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Lilium formosanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lilium formosanum
Plants of the World Online: Lilium formosanum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Lilium formosanum
Tropicos: Lilium formosanum
Wikipedia: Lilium formosanum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Lilium formosanum., retrieved 22 February 2020

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