Lilium formosanum (Baker) Wallace

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Lilium formosanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd at Genaina

Lilium formosanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd at Genaina

Lilium formosanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

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Synonyms: Lilium philippinense Baker
Common names: Formosa lily (English) St Joseph's lily (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Introduced
Robust herb with an annual flowering stem, growing from a bulb, 2-4 cm in diameter. Stem unbranched, 0.8-1.7 m tall and 4-12 mm in diameter, often maroon or purple-brown. Leaves spiralled all along the stem, linear-lanceolate, 4-18 cm long, smaller and less dense towards the top of the stem. Flowers usually 1-3, large, trumpet-shaped, white, often with a purple-brown tinge, pleasantly scented. Tepals 11-22 cm long, recurved in the apical third.
Notes: A striking garden plant, well naturalised in the cooler wetter parts of the Eastern Highlands and also in gum plantations in the Marondera area.
Derivation of specific name: formosanum: of Formosa (Taiwan)
Habitat: Road sides, gum plantations, forest margins and montane grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 1700 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Native and endemic in Taiwan; naturalised in the Neotropics, Australasia, East and Central Africa, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 3 April 2007

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 37.

Henderson, L. (2001). Alien weeds and invasive plants Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa. Page 51. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 93.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 92 - 93. (Includes a picture).

Wilkin, P. (2009). Liliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(2) Pages 196 - 197. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Lilium formosanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Lilium formosanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lilium formosanum
African Plant Database: Lilium formosanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lilium formosanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lilium formosanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lilium formosanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Lilium formosanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lilium formosanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Lilium formosanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lilium formosanum
Plants of the World Online: Lilium formosanum
Tropicos: Lilium formosanum
Wikipedia: Lilium formosanum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Lilium formosanum., retrieved 12 June 2024

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