Acacia melanoxylon R. Br.

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Acacia melanoxylon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Misty Manor site, Vumba

Acacia melanoxylon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Dam 2, Southern Loop, Nyika National Park

Acacia melanoxylon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Dam 2, Southern Loop, Nyika National Park

Acacia melanoxylon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Dam 2, Southern Loop, Nyika National Park

Acacia melanoxylon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Dam 2, Southern Loop, Nyika National Park

Acacia melanoxylon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Track to John Meikle Forestry Research Station.

Acacia melanoxylon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Track to John Meikle Forestry Research Station.

Acacia melanoxylon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Track to John Meikle Forestry Research Station.

Acacia melanoxylon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Track to John Meikle Forestry Research Station.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Australian blackwood (English)
Description: Small to large tree up to 20 m. It is easily distinguished from related "wattles" (A. dealbata and A. mearnsii) as it only has bi-pinnate leaves in the seedling stage. The simple leaves of larger specimens are in fact swollen and flattened petioles called phyllodes.
Notes: It was originally introduced on a small scale for its valuable hard timber. It soon became naturalised and became part of the forests and forest margins. Only recently it has become an invader of grasslands where it has proven to be much harder to control or eradicate than wattle.
Derivation of specific name:
Flowering time:Aug - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Native to Australia.
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Saturday 5 January 2019
Literature:

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 17.

Henderson, L. (2001). Alien weeds and invasive plants Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa. Page 145. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 156 - 157. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 142 - 143. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Acacia melanoxylon:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Acacia melanoxylon
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Acacia melanoxylon
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acacia melanoxylon

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia melanoxylon
African Plant Database: Acacia melanoxylon
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acacia melanoxylon
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia melanoxylon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia melanoxylon
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia melanoxylon
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia melanoxylon
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia melanoxylon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Acacia melanoxylon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia melanoxylon
Ispot Southern Africa: Acacia melanoxylon
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia melanoxylon
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia melanoxylon
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia melanoxylon
The Plant List (version 1.1): Acacia melanoxylon
Tropicos: Acacia melanoxylon


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Acacia melanoxylon.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=126040, retrieved 16 June 2019

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