Flacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr.

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Flacourtia indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Msorodoni Farm

Flacourtia indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Odzani R. bridge

Flacourtia indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Odzani R. bridge

Flacourtia indica

Photo: Petra Ballings
Gardiner, Arcturus

Flacourtia indica

Photo: Mark Hyde
Picnic area, Haka Game Park, Harare

Flacourtia indica

Photo: Mark Hyde
Picnic area, Haka Game Park, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Flacourtia hirtiuscula Oliv.
Flacourtia ramontchi L'Hér.
Gmelina indica Burm f.
Common names: Batoka plum (English) Governor's plum (English) Mududwe (Shona) Munhunguru (Shona) Mutombototo (Shona) Mutudza (Shona) Mutunguru (Shona)
Description: Shrub or small tree. Leaves elliptic, ovate or almost circular; margin entire, scalloped or toothed. Flowers inconspicuous, greenish-yellow in short axillary or terminal sprays, sexes separate on different trees. Fruit fleshy, near-spherical, purple when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa south to northern South Africa, Eswatini; Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Indo-china, Indonesia and China
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Insects associated with this species: Phalanta phalantha aethiopica (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Sunday 24 July 2016

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 173. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 643. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 27.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 18.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 760 - 761. In Flacourtiaceae (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 189 - 192. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 19.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 467.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 74. In Flacourtiaceae

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 261.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 154 - 155. (Includes a picture).

Kamumvuri, G. (ed.) (2004). Plants of Zimbabwe Report No. 1 National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Pages 15 - 16. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 53.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 95.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 432 - 433. In Flacourtiaceae (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 75. In Flacourtiaceae

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 26.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 52 - 53. as Flacourtia hirtiuscula

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 104.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 214.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 128 - 129. In Flacourtiaceae (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 144 - 145. In Flacourtiaceae (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 272. In Flacourtiaceae

Wild, H. (1960). Flacourtiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Page 286. In Flacourtiaceae

Other sources of information about Flacourtia indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Flacourtia indica
Flora of Caprivi: Flacourtia indica
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Flacourtia indica
Flora of Malawi: Flacourtia indica
Flora of Mozambique: Flacourtia indica
Flora of Zambia: Flacourtia indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Flacourtia indica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Flacourtia indica
African Plant Database: Flacourtia indica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Flacourtia indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Flacourtia indica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Flacourtia indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Flacourtia indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Flacourtia indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Flacourtia indica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Flacourtia indica
Plants of the World Online: Flacourtia indica
Tropicos: Flacourtia indica
Wikipedia: Flacourtia indica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Flacourtia indica.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=140790, retrieved 24 May 2024

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