Capsicum annuum L.
var. annuum

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Capsicum annuum var. annuum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shenstone, Mt Hampden

Capsicum annuum var. annuum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shenstone, Mt Hampden

Capsicum annuum var. annuum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shenstone, Mt Hampden

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Common names: Green pepper (English) Sweet pepper (English)
Description: Much-branched annual or short-lived perennial herb, up to 1.5 m tall, widely cultivated for its edible fruits. Leaves ovate to narrowly lanceolate, 2.5-10 cm long, dark green, thinly textured to somewhat leathery, hairless except for scattered hairs in the axils of veins below; margin more or less entire, wavy. Flowers mostly solitary, white to greenish or bluish-white, drooping. Fruit very variable in shape, size, colour and taste.
Notes: Note: two cultivars are grown in Zimbabwe. The narrow-fruited "hot-chillies" are used for flavouring, both fresh and dried. The large well-known, green, yellow or red, "sweet-peppers" (see photos) is eaten fresh or cooked. Both varieties are known as very occasional escapes from cultivation.
Derivation of specific name: annuum: annual
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widely grown cultivars originating from South America.
Growth form(s):
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Sunday 1 June 2008

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 12.

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 59 - 60.

Other sources of information about Capsicum annuum var. annuum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Capsicum annuum var. annuum
Flora of Zambia: Capsicum annuum var. annuum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Capsicum annuum var. annuum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Capsicum annuum
African Plant Database: Capsicum annuum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Capsicum annuum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Capsicum annuum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Capsicum annuum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Capsicum annuum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Capsicum annuum
JSTOR Plant Science: Capsicum annuum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Capsicum annuum
Plants of the World Online: Capsicum annuum
Tropicos: Capsicum annuum
Wikipedia: Capsicum annuum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Capsicum annuum var. annuum., retrieved 26 May 2024

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