7359.000 Syncolostemon E. Mey.

HEMIZYGIA (Benth.) Briq.

Clarke, H. & Charters, M. (ed. Moll, E.) (2016) The Illustrated Dictionary of Southern African Plant Names Jacana Media, South Africa

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs, suffrutices or small trees. Leaves opposite. Flowers bisexual; verticils 2-6-flowered in a usually lax inflorescence; sometimes topped with a crown of brightly coloured terminal bracts. Calyx 2-lipped; upper lip ovate, entire, accrescent in fruit; lower lip with 4 teeth or with lateral lobes. Corolla white to pink or purple. Stamens declinate, held over or included within the anterior (lower) corolla lip. Anterior and posterior filament pairs separated by a clear gap at the insertion point in the corolla tube; anterior filaments fused together. Ovaries glabrous. Nutlets brown.

Derivation of name: From the Greek: syn- meaning united; kolos meaning curtailed, stunted; stemon meaning pillar or stamen; probably referring to the fused anterior filaments.

Worldwide: 46 species, mostly native to eastern South Africa, but also in tropical Africa, Madagascar and India.

Zimbabwe: 8 taxa.

Syncolostemon flabellifolius

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
bracteosus (Benth.) D.F. OtienoN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
canescens (G├╝rke) D.F. Otieno N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
elliottii (Baker) D.F. OtienoW,SImage
flabellifolius (S. Moore) A.J. Paton[NrEnd][LR-nt]EDescription, Image
linearis (Benth.) D.F. OtienoW
oritrephes (Wild) D.F. Otieno[NrEnd][LR-nt]EDescription, Image
ornatus (S. Moore) D.F. Otieno[End]EDescription, Image
teucriifolius (Hochst.) D.F. OtienoEDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Syncolostemon:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Syncolostemon
Flora of Caprivi: Syncolostemon
Flora of Malawi: Syncolostemon
Flora of Mozambique: Syncolostemon
Flora of Zambia: Syncolostemon

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Syncolostemon
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Syncolostemon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Syncolostemon
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Syncolostemon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Syncolostemon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Syncolostemon
JSTOR Plant Science: Syncolostemon
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Syncolostemon
Plants of the World Online: Syncolostemon
Tropicos: Syncolostemon
Wikipedia: Syncolostemon

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Syncolostemon.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1237, retrieved 25 May 2024

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