G.608. Cymbopogon Spreng.

Description of the genus

Perennials, rarely annual. Leaves aromatic. Inflorescence composed of short, paired racemes arranged in a dense, spherical to elongated, spatheate false panicle. Rhachis internodes and pedicels filiform, long-ciliate on both margins; lowermost sometimes swollen and barrel-shaped. Racemes deflexed at maturity, borne on subequal flattened raceme-bases; with lowermost pair of spikelets a homogamous pair. Sessile spikelet dorsally flattened; callus obtuse; lower glume with a median groove, narrowly winged on the keels, awnless; lower floret reduced to a hyaline lemma; upper floret fertile; lemma deeply 2-lobed or entire, awnless. Pedicellate spikelet male, rounded on back, awnless.

Worldwide: 56 species in the warm and tropical regions of the Old World

Zimbabwe: 6 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
caesius (Hook. & Arn.) Stapf subsp. caesius N,W,C,E,SDescription
caesius (Hook. & Arn.) Stapf subsp. giganteus (Chiov.) SalesN,W,C,E,SDescription
citratus (DC.) StapfCDescription
densiflorus (Steud.) StapfWDescription
nardus (L.) RendleN,W,C,E,SDescription
pospischilii (K. Schum.) C.E. Hubb.N,W,C,SDescription

Other sources of information about Cymbopogon:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cymbopogon
Flora of Caprivi: Cymbopogon
Flora of Malawi: Cymbopogon
Flora of Mozambique: Cymbopogon
Flora of Zambia: Cymbopogon
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cymbopogon

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cymbopogon
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cymbopogon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cymbopogon
Wikipedia: Cymbopogon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cymbopogon
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cymbopogon

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Cymbopogon.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=242, retrieved 5 December 2022

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