Cymbopogon densiflorus (Steud.) Stapf

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Synonyms: Andropogon densiflorus Steud.
Andropogon schoenanthus L. var. densiflorus (Steud.) Hack.
Common names:
Status: Native
Robust, caespitose perennial; culms up to 220 cm high. Leaves smooth; ligule 2.5–3.5 mm long, erose; laminas 30–40 cm × 8–35 mm, tapering to a fine point at the apex. Inflorescence a dense subovoid to globose head 5–19(30) cm long, greenish. Racemes 10–14 mm long; internodes and pedicels pilose with silvery-white hairs. Sessile spikelet 3–4 mm long, glabrous; inferior glume with an often shallow V-shaped median groove, narrowly winged on the keels; superior lemma inconspicuous, entire; awn delicate, 3.5–5 mm long, without a column; anthers 1–1.5 mm long, purple. Pedicelled spikelet male, 2–3 mm long, awnless
Derivation of specific name: densiflorus: with a dense inflorescence
Habitat: In woodland, swamps, dambos and fallow fields, in sandy and gravelly soils and in heavily grazed areas
Altitude range: (metres) 680 - 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Central Africa from Gabon and DRC to Angola, introduced in Brazil
Zimbabwe distribution: W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Page 76.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 33.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Other sources of information about Cymbopogon densiflorus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cymbopogon densiflorus
Flora of Mozambique: Cymbopogon densiflorus
Flora of Zambia: Cymbopogon densiflorus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cymbopogon densiflorus
African Plant Database: Cymbopogon densiflorus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cymbopogon densiflorus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cymbopogon densiflorus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cymbopogon densiflorus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cymbopogon densiflorus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cymbopogon densiflorus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cymbopogon densiflorus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cymbopogon densiflorus
Plants of the World Online: Cymbopogon densiflorus
Tropicos: Cymbopogon densiflorus
Wikipedia: Cymbopogon densiflorus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cymbopogon densiflorus., retrieved 22 April 2024

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