828.000 Eriocaulon L.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs. Involucral bracts scarious to coriaceous, spreading to reflexed at maturity. Floral bracts often white-hairy towards the tip. Flowers borne on a central receptacle; male and female mixed or female around the edge. Sepals free or ± connate in male flowers, usually free in the female. Petals usually with a black gland near or at the tip, often white-hairy at the tip. Male petals all small or one enlarged and exserted. Male flowers with stamens (in our species) 6 or 4, twice as many as the petals; anthers black or white. Female flowers with petals free. Seeds ellipsoid, smooth or distinctively patterned.

Derivation of name: from Greek: erion meaning wool, caulos meaning stem

Worldwide: c. 400 species in tropical and warm regions of the world; some temperate.

Zimbabwe: 22 taxa.

Eriocaulon abyssinicum

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
abyssinicum Hochst.N,W,CDescription, Image
africanum Hochst.C,E
afzelianum Wikstr. ex Körn.C
buchananii RuhlandN,W,C
cinereum R. Br.N,W
elegantulum Engl.N,S
fuscum S.M. Phillips[End]WDescription, Image
inyangense Arw.E
maculatum SchinzC
maronderanum S.M. PhillipsN,C
matopense Rendle[End][DD]W,C,EDescription
mutatum N.E. Br. var. mutatum C
mutatum N.E. Br. var. angustisepalum (H.E. Hess) S.M. PhillipsC
pictum FritschW,C,EDescription, Image
setaceum L.N,W,C
sonderianum Körn.EDescription, Image
teusczii Engl. & Ruhland ex RuhlandW,C,E,S
transvaalicum N.E. Br. subsp. hanningtonii (N.E. Br.) S.M. PhillipsC
transvaalicum N.E. Br. subsp. tofieldifolium (Schinz) S.M. PhillipsCImage
transvaalicum N.E. Br. subsp. transvaalicum C
welwitschii RendleW,C,S
wildii S.M. Phillips[End][DD]EDescription

Other sources of information about Eriocaulon:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Eriocaulon
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Eriocaulon
Flora of Malawi: Eriocaulon
Flora of Mozambique: Eriocaulon
Flora of Zambia: Eriocaulon

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eriocaulon
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eriocaulon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eriocaulon
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eriocaulon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eriocaulon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eriocaulon
JSTOR Plant Science: Eriocaulon
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eriocaulon
Plants of the World Online: Eriocaulon
Tropicos: Eriocaulon
Wikipedia: Eriocaulon

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Eriocaulon.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=312, retrieved 28 May 2024

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