829.000 Mesanthemum Körn.

Description of the genus

Robust rhizomatous perennials (in ours). Leaves in a basal rosette, linear, spongy, usually hairy, but becoming hairless with age. Capitulum spherical or flattened. Involucral bracts in several overlapping series, coriaceous with a scarious margin. Floral bracts filiform with expanded hary tips; both floral bracts and flowers embedded in a woolly cushion of long receptacular hairs. Flowers 3-merous. Petals usually eglandular. Male flowers: sepals membranous, free or basally connate; petals connate into a fleshy tube; 3 epipetalous glands within; stamens 6, twice as many as the petals; anthers yellowish. Female flowers: sepals free; petals connate into a tube, only the bases free, the tube with 3 linear glands within and densely white-pilose at the tip. Seeds subspherical, densely covered in white hair-like projections.

Worldwide: 15 species in tropical Africa and two Madagascan endemics

Zimbabwe: 1 taxon.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
africanum Moldenke[NrEnd][LR-nt]EDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Mesanthemum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Mesanthemum
Flora of Mozambique: Mesanthemum
Flora of Zambia: Mesanthemum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Mesanthemum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Mesanthemum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Mesanthemum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Mesanthemum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Mesanthemum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Mesanthemum
JSTOR Plant Science: Mesanthemum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Mesanthemum
Plants of the World Online: Mesanthemum
Tropicos: Mesanthemum
Wikipedia: Mesanthemum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Mesanthemum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=313, retrieved 26 February 2024

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