Mesanthemum africanum Moldenke

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Mesanthemum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Raphia Pool, Muhohwa R, Corner, Chimanimani

Mesanthemum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Raphia Pool, Muhohwa R, Corner, Chimanimani

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Tufted perennial herb. Stems 30-60 cm high, hairless except for hairs below the capitulum. Leaves broadly linear, 10-35 cm long, softly and thinly hairy when young. Capitula hemispherical when young, becoming depressed spherical, 10-14 mm in diameter, densely white-hairy with black sepals. Involucral bracts shiny brown on the inside, c. 3mm long.
Derivation of specific name: africanum: of Africa
Habitat: In boggy patches on quartzite.
Altitude range: (metres) 1180 - 2400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Chimanimani Mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 7 May 2014

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 38.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 126.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 77.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 173.

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 128.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 90.

Phillips, S.M. (1998). Eriocaulaceae of the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 17(1) Pages 54 - 55.

Phillips, S.M. (2010). Eriocaulaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(4) Pages 74 - 75.

Wild, H. (1964). The endemic species of the Chimanimani Mountains and their significance Kirkia 4 Page 134.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 82.

Other sources of information about Mesanthemum africanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Mesanthemum africanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Mesanthemum africanum
African Plant Database: Mesanthemum africanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Mesanthemum africanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Mesanthemum africanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Mesanthemum africanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Mesanthemum africanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Mesanthemum africanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Mesanthemum africanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Mesanthemum africanum
Plants of the World Online: Mesanthemum africanum
Tropicos: Mesanthemum africanum
Wikipedia: Mesanthemum africanum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Mesanthemum africanum., retrieved 5 December 2023

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