4348.000 Croton L.

Description of the genus

Monoecious, or rarely dioecious, shrubs or trees with an indumentum of stellate hairs and/or peltate scales. Leaves alternate, sometimes subopposite or subwhorled, simple, petiolate, with 2 sessile or stalked discoid glands on the petiole or at the base of the lamina. Inflorescences terminal, sometimes axillary, either bisexual (the female flowers usually below the males) or unisexual. Male flowers: sepals (4-)5(-6), petals usually present, (4-)5(-6), rarely more; stamens central, 5-many. Female flowers: sepals narrower than the male flowers, petals often smaller, vestigial or 0. Ovary (2-)3(-4)-locular; styles 1-several times 2-fid. Fruit dehiscent with 3 valves or cocci or ± indehiscent.

Worldwide: c.750 species in tropical and warm areas.

Zimbabwe: 13 taxa.

Croton gratissimus var. gratissimus

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
gratissimus Burch. var. gratissimus N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
gratissimus Burch. var. subgratissimus (Prain) Burtt DavyC,SDescription
leuconeurus Pax subsp. leuconeurus [CR]WDescription, Image
longipedicellatus J. Léonard var. longipedicellatus N,W,C,SDescription, Image
macrostachyus Hochst. ex DelileEDescription, Image
madandensis S. Moore[DD]E,S
megalobotrys Müll. Arg.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
megalocarpus Hutch.CDescription, Image
menyharthii PaxN,W,EDescription, Image
pseudopulchellus PaxN,W,E,SDescription, Image
steenkampianus GerstnerS
sylvaticus Hochst. ex C. KraussE,SDescription, Image
triqueter Lam.EDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Croton:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Croton
Flora of Caprivi: Croton
Flora of Malawi: Croton
Flora of Mozambique: Croton
Flora of Zambia: Croton
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Croton

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Croton
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Croton
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Croton
Wikipedia: Croton
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Croton
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Croton

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Croton.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=842, retrieved 27 March 2023

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