4640.000 Elaeodendron Jacq.

Description of the genus

Glabrous trees or shrubs. Stipules small, free, caducous. Leaves all opposite, or subopposite to alternate on young shoots. Inflorescence pedunculate to sessile, regularly dichasial, in axils of foliage leaves or prophylls; bracts persistent. Flowers bisexual (in ours) or unisexual. Sepals, petals and stamens 3-5. Stamens united with base of disk. Ovary superior, 2-3-locular. Fruit drupaceous, hard or ± fleshy. Seeds 1-2(-3), without an aril.

Derivation of name: from Greek: elaia meaning olive, dendron meaning a tree, referring to the fruit’s likeness to real olives

Worldwide: 15 species in the Old World tropics, South Africa, Central America and West Indies

Zimbabwe: 4 taxa.

Elaeodendron transvaalense

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
croceum (Thunb.) DC.E
matabelicum Loes.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
schlechterianum (Loes.) Loes.N,SDescription, Image
transvaalense (Burtt Davy) R.H. ArcherN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Elaeodendron:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Elaeodendron
Flora of Caprivi: Elaeodendron
Flora of Malawi: Elaeodendron
Flora of Mozambique: Elaeodendron
Flora of Zambia: Elaeodendron
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Elaeodendron

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Elaeodendron
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Elaeodendron
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elaeodendron
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Elaeodendron
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Elaeodendron
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elaeodendron
JSTOR Plant Science: Elaeodendron
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Elaeodendron
Plants of the World Online: Elaeodendron
Tropicos: Elaeodendron
Wikipedia: Elaeodendron

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Elaeodendron.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=889, retrieved 21 May 2024

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