Elaeodendron transvaalense (Burtt Davy) R.H. Archer

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Elaeodendron transvaalense

Photo: Mark Hyde
6, Stafford Rd, Hillcrest, Bulawayo

Elaeodendron transvaalense

Photo: Bart Wursten
6, Stafford Rd, Hillcrest, Bulawayo

Elaeodendron transvaalense

Photo: Bart Wursten
6, Stafford Rd, Hillcrest, Bulawayo

Elaeodendron transvaalense

Photo: Bart Wursten
6, Stafford Rd, Hillcrest, Bulawayo

Elaeodendron transvaalense

Photo: Bart Wursten
6, Stafford Rd, Hillcrest, Bulawayo

Elaeodendron transvaalense

Photo: Bart Wursten
6, Stafford Rd, Hillcrest, Bulawayo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cassine transvaalensis (Burtt Davy) Codd
Crocoxylon transvaalense (Burtt Davy) N. Robson
Pseudocassine transvaalensis (Burtt Davy) Bredell
Common names: Anthill saffron (English) Bushveld saffron (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small unarmed tree. Leaves spirally arranged, opposite, in fascicles, on short lateral spur-branchlets, linear to narrowly elliptic to obovate, 2-7 cm long, pale glossy green above, paler below, venation prominent, hairless; apex tapering, often with a hair-like point; margin entire or serrated. Flowers in axillary heads, white or green, c. 5 mm in diameter. Fruit spherical, ovoid or ellipsoid, c. 2 cm long, yellow, edible.
Derivation of specific name: transvaalense: from the Transvaal, South Africa
Habitat: In deciduous woodland, along streams, on rocky hillsides, often on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1520 m
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 24 October 2007

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 501. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 14.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 621. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 404 - 405. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 42.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 255. As Cassine transvaalensis

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 128 - 129. Cassine transvaalensis (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 33.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 39.

Robson, N.K.B. (1966). Celastraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 391 - 392. As Crocoxylon transvaalense (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 334 - 336. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 45.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 24. As Cassine transvaalensis and Pseudocassine transvaalensis

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 203.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 138 - 139. as Cassine transvaalensis (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 156 - 157. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Elaeodendron transvaalense:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Elaeodendron transvaalense
Flora of Caprivi: Elaeodendron transvaalense
Flora of Mozambique: Elaeodendron transvaalense
Flora of Zambia: Elaeodendron transvaalense

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Elaeodendron transvaalense
African Plant Database: Elaeodendron transvaalense
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Elaeodendron transvaalense
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elaeodendron transvaalense
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Elaeodendron transvaalense
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Elaeodendron transvaalense
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elaeodendron transvaalense
JSTOR Plant Science: Elaeodendron transvaalense
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Elaeodendron transvaalense
Plants of the World Online: Elaeodendron transvaalense
Tropicos: Elaeodendron transvaalense
Wikipedia: Elaeodendron transvaalense

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Elaeodendron transvaalense.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137070, retrieved 21 May 2024

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