Selaginella kraussiana (Kunze) A. Braun

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Selaginella kraussiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gwasha forest, Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

Selaginella kraussiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gwasha forest, Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Lycopodium kraussianum Kunze
Selaginella hortensis Mett.
Common names:
Status: Native
Fern widely creeping, mat-forming, erect ultimate branches, rooting for most of its length. Leaves dimorphic; lateral leaves oblong-elliptic, 3-4 × 0.75-1.5 mm, larger and more spreading than median leaves; median leaves lanceolate to ovate, up to 2.5 mm long, apex pointed, base cordate and unequal, margins finely toothed. Strobili situated on short side branches, sporophylls similar but narrower than the median leaves, of one type only.
Notes: Can be confused with S. goudotiana which is more erect, roots are produced from the base of the stem only. S. mitteni is a smaller moss-like species that lies flat against the ground.
Derivation of specific name: kraussiana:  type specimen collected by Dr. F. von Krauss (1812-1890), a German naturalist & director of the Natural History Museum in Stuttgart
Habitat: On forest floor in moist evergreen forest, often where a break in the canopy slightly increases the light intensity.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2500 m
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Bioko, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, DRC, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Malawi, Rwanda, Sierra Leon, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 29 July 2012

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 28 - 29. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 43. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 81.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 96 - 97. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 15.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 146 - 147. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 10.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 26 - 27.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 24.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 26 - 27.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 16.


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Other sources of information about Selaginella kraussiana:

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Flora of Botswana: Selaginella kraussiana
Flora of Malawi: Selaginella kraussiana
Flora of Mozambique: Selaginella kraussiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Selaginella kraussiana
African Plant Database: Selaginella kraussiana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Selaginella kraussiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Selaginella kraussiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Selaginella kraussiana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Selaginella kraussiana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Selaginella kraussiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Selaginella kraussiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Selaginella kraussiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Selaginella kraussiana
Ispot Southern Africa: Selaginella kraussiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Selaginella kraussiana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Selaginella kraussiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Selaginella kraussiana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Selaginella kraussiana
Tropicos: Selaginella kraussiana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Selaginella kraussiana., retrieved 21 February 2018

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