Ophioglossum gomezianum Welw. ex A. Braun

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Ophioglossum gomezianum

Photo: Petra Ballings

Ophioglossum gomezianum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mutirikwi CL, Murray MacDougall Drive

Ophioglossum gomezianum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mutirikwi CL, Murray MacDougall Drive

Ophioglossum gomezianum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mutirikwi CL, Murray MacDougall Drive

Ophioglossum gomezianum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mutirikwi CL, Murray MacDougall Drive

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome short, ellipsoid or oval, sometimes with a few short persistent leaf bases; roots descending, then horizontal, proliferous. Leaves up to 4 leaves but mostly 2, arising from ground level, held at 45-75° from the horizontal, bright to yellowish green. Petiole up to 2.5 cm long, subterranean for most of its length. Sterile lamina 10-35 × 5-9.5 mm, elliptic in outline, apex pointed, base narrowly wedge-shaped; fertile segment 3-9 cm long, inserted at or just above the base of the lamina. Sporangia 8-14 pairs.
Notes: Could be confused with O. sandieae which has a spindle-shaped rhizome and usually a single leaf with a petiole that is only for 40% subterranean. O. costatum has dull green leaves with a prominent pale midrib on the under surface. O. rubellum has dark green leaves that are held at up to 20° from the horizontal or appressed to the ground.
Derivation of specific name: gomezianum: named after Mr. B. Gomez (1806-1877), Portuguese botanist.
Habitat: Seasonally wet sheetrock mats, in shallow humiferous soil, in full sun.
Altitude range: (metres) 470 - 2400 m
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, southwards to Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi and South Africa, India.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 23 February 2013

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 43 - 44. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 81.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 27.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 124 - 125. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 160 - 161. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Page 37.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 8.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 32.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 33.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 35. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Ophioglossum gomezianum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Ophioglossum gomezianum
Flora of Malawi: Ophioglossum gomezianum
Flora of Zambia: Ophioglossum gomezianum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ophioglossum gomezianum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ophioglossum gomezianum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ophioglossum gomezianum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ophioglossum gomezianum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ophioglossum gomezianum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ophioglossum gomezianum
JSTOR Plant Science: Ophioglossum gomezianum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ophioglossum gomezianum
Plants of the World Online: Ophioglossum gomezianum
Tropicos: Ophioglossum gomezianum
Wikipedia: Ophioglossum gomezianum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ophioglossum gomezianum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100250, retrieved 2 December 2023

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