Cheilanthes buchananii (Baker) Domin

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Cheilanthes buchananii

Photo: Petra Ballings
Corner, Chimanimani

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Synonyms: Cheilanthes buchananii (Baker) Domin
Cheilanthes inaequalis (Kunze) Mett. var. buchananii (Baker) Schelpe
Notholaena bipinnata (Sim) Sim
Notholaena buchananii Baker
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome shortly creeping to suberect, c. 5 mm in diameter; rhizome scales narrowly lanceolate to linear in outline, margin entire, up to 2 cm long, rust-coloured. Fronds erect, tufted, herbaceous to coriaceous, shriveling up during the dry winter months. Stipe dark brown to black, up to 12(16) cm long, with short, fine white hairs and with scales similar to those of the rhizome at the base. Lamina ovate to lanceolate in outline, up to 22 cm × 11 cm, deeply 2-pinnatifid to 3-pinnatifid on the basal pinnae which are not reduced in size. Pinnae upper surface sparsely set with stiff hairs, lower surface sparsely covered with long, soft white hairs, turning reddish-brown with age, margins entire to lobed. Rhachis dark brown. Sori marginal, discrete at first but continuous when mature; indusium continuous or discontinuous.
Notes: Could be confused with C. eckloniana which has shiny golden-brown scales along the costae and costules, and basal pinnae that might be slightly reduced. The lower surface of the lamina of C. inaequalis var. inaequalis is densely covered with short hairs.
Derivation of specific name: buchananii: after Rev. John Buchanan (1821-1903), a Presbyterian clergyman who collected plants in KwaZula-Natal.
Habitat: Moist sheltered and shaded sites in rocky areas, more commonly found on quartzite.
Altitude range: (metres) 1200 - 2000 m
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 25 August 2013

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 128 - 129. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 13. As Cheilanthes inaequalis buchananii

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 8. As Cheilanthes inaequalis buchananii

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 340 - 341. As C. buchananii (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 14. as Cheilanthes inaequalis buchananii

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 257 - 259. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Page 50.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 9.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 63 - 64.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 182.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 126 - 127. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 80.

Other sources of information about Cheilanthes buchananii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cheilanthes buchananii
Flora of Mozambique: Cheilanthes buchananii
Flora of Zambia: Cheilanthes buchananii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cheilanthes buchananii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cheilanthes buchananii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cheilanthes buchananii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cheilanthes buchananii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cheilanthes buchananii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cheilanthes buchananii
JSTOR Plant Science: Cheilanthes buchananii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cheilanthes buchananii
Plants of the World Online: Cheilanthes buchananii
Tropicos: Cheilanthes buchananii
Wikipedia: Cheilanthes buchananii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cheilanthes buchananii., retrieved 4 March 2024

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