Phlebodium aureum L.

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Synonyms: Polypodium aureum L.
Common names:
Status: Naturalised
Rhizome creeping, up to 3 cm in diameter; rhizome scales dense, golden brown, up to 2 cm long. Fronds up to 1.3 m long, glabrous, herbaceous. Stipe up to 50 cm long, glabrous with a few scales near the base. Lamina deeply pinnatifid into 8-16 (up to 35) pairs of pinna with a terminal segment, bright green or glacous. Lobes lanceolate to elliptic to linear in outline, apex pointed, venation reticulate, forming distinctive polygonal areoles, margins entire. Sori round, c. 2 mm in diameter, in 2 rows on each side of the costae, situated at the junction of 2 included veinlets, exindusiate.
Notes: Confusion possible with Microsorum scolopendria. The latter has blackish brown rhizome scales (not golden brown) and 4-8 pairs of pinna (not 8-16, up to 35).
Derivation of specific name: aureum: golden; the rhizome scales are golden brown
Habitat: Epiphyte, lithophyte and terrestrial in moist evergreen riverine forest and forest margins.
Altitude range: (metres) 100 - 700 m
Worldwide distribution: Introduced to South Africa and Zimbabwe. native to Central America.
Zimbabwe distribution: ?
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 338. (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 564 - 565. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 9. As *Polypodium aureum

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 103. As *Polypodium aureum

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 161.

Other sources of information about Phlebodium aureum:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phlebodium aureum
African Plant Database: Phlebodium aureum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phlebodium aureum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phlebodium aureum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phlebodium aureum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Phlebodium aureum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phlebodium aureum
JSTOR Plant Science: Phlebodium aureum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phlebodium aureum
Plants of the World Online: Phlebodium aureum
Tropicos: Phlebodium aureum
Wikipedia: Phlebodium aureum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Phlebodium aureum., retrieved 4 March 2024

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