Cochlidium serrulatum (Sw.) L.E. Bishop

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Cochlidium serrulatum

Photo: Petra Ballings

Cochlidium serrulatum

Photo: Petra Ballings

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Synonyms: Grammitis serrulata (Sw.) Sw.
Xiphopteris serrulata (Sw.) Kaulf.
Common names:
Rhizome erect, up to 1 mm thick, scales brown, lanceolate, up to 1 mm long. Fronds tufted, erect, firmly membranous, subsessile, fertile fronds longer than sterile fronds. Stipe very short, brown, glabrous. Lamina up to 35 × 2 mm, glabrous, linear to very narrow oblanceolate in outline, base long tapering, apex broadly acute to rounded, deeply pinnatifid about halfway to the midrib into acute triangular or oblong obtuse lobes each with a single conspicuous vein, midrib immersed. Sori 6-8 per frond, borne on the veins in the widened upper third part of the frond, fusing to form a soral mass at maturity.
Notes: Can be distinguished from other species by its simple toothed fronds.
Derivation of specific name: serrulata: finely toothed, referring to the margins of this species.
Habitat: Lithophytic on the downstream side of large quartzite boulders of the Makurupine river in low-altitude evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 m (approx)
Worldwide distribution: Annobon, Bioko, Coté d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Liberia, Madagascar, Sierra Leone and Eastern Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 187. As Grammitis serrulata (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 59. As Xiphopteris serrulata

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 174.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 299. As Xiphopteris serrulata (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 6.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 108 - 109.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 152.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 144. As Xiphopteris serrulata

Other sources of information about Cochlidium serrulatum:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cochlidium serrulatum
African Plant Database: Cochlidium serrulatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cochlidium serrulatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cochlidium serrulatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cochlidium serrulatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cochlidium serrulatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cochlidium serrulatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Cochlidium serrulatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cochlidium serrulatum
Plants of the World Online: Cochlidium serrulatum
Tropicos: Cochlidium serrulatum
Wikipedia: Cochlidium serrulatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cochlidium serrulatum., retrieved 30 November 2023

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