Asplenium monanthes L.

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Asplenium monanthes

Photo: Petra Ballings

Asplenium monanthes

Photo: Petra Ballings

Asplenium monanthes

Photo: Petra Ballings

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Synonyms: Asplenium monanthemum L.
Asplenium monanthes L. var. triangularipinnatum Bonap.
Asplenium repente Desv.
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome erect to suberect, ± 3 mm diameter; scales black, lanceolate, subentire, up to 6 mm long. Fronds uniform, tufted, proliferous, gemmae on the upper half of stipe. Stipe up to 11 cm, dark brown to almost black,with scattered scales when young, glabrous at maturity. Lamina 15-45 cm × 2-2.7 cm, pinnate, linear-oblong in outline. Pinnae hairless, acroscopic margin and apex toothed, basiscopic margin entire with the costa running near the basiscopic margin. Rhachis black. Sori one (occasionally two), elongate-linear to oval, situated near the costa, indusium entire.
Notes: Differs from similar species by having a gemmiferous stipe, black rhachis and only 1-2 sori per pinna
Derivation of specific name: monanthes: ´one flower`, this fern has a single sorus per pinna.
Habitat: Shaded floors in evergreen forest, often near stream. Terrestrial or lithophyte.
Altitude range: (metres) 200 - 2400 m
Worldwide distribution: Bioko, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Madagascan region
Zimbabwe distribution: W,E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 6 November 2011

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 226. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 92.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 27.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 7.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 610 - 611. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 25.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 342 - 343. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 5.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 168.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 91.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 175. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 78.

Other sources of information about Asplenium monanthes:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Asplenium monanthes

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Asplenium monanthes
African Plant Database: Asplenium monanthes
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Asplenium monanthes
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Asplenium monanthes
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Asplenium monanthes
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Asplenium monanthes
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Asplenium monanthes
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Asplenium monanthes
iNaturalist: Asplenium monanthes
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Asplenium monanthes
JSTOR Plant Science: Asplenium monanthes
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Asplenium monanthes
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Asplenium monanthes
Plants of the World Online: Asplenium monanthes
Tropicos: Asplenium monanthes
Wikipedia: Asplenium monanthes

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Asplenium monanthes., retrieved 28 September 2021

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