Asplenium rutifolium (P.J. Bergius) Kunze

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Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Petra Ballings
Bunga forest, Vumba

Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Petra Ballings
Chimanimani, Haroni river, Tessa's pool

Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Seldomseen, Vumba

Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Petra Ballings
By the Swynnerton Memorial, Chirinda Forest

Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Petra Ballings
By the Swynnerton Memorial, Chirinda Forest

Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Petra Ballings
Parking area, Mtarazi Falls, Nyanga

Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mount Chinaka, Juliasdale

Asplenium rutifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to spice garden, Nyamkombe River, Aberfoyle, Honde Valley

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Synonyms: Asplenium achilleifolium (Lam.) C.Chr.
Asplenium bipinnatum (Forssk.) C.Chr.
Asplenium rutifolium (P.J. Bergius) Kunze var. bipinnatum (Forssk.) Schelpe
Caenopteris rutifolium P.J. Bergius
Lonchitis bipinnatum Forssk.
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome erect, up to 25 mm wide and 40mm long; scales dark brown, up to 9 × 1.2 mm, margin subentire, linear-lanceolate to narrowly triangular. Fronds tufted, not proliferous, coriaceous. Stipe up to 18 cm, glabrous at maturity, pale straw-coloured to matt brown when dry. Lamina 7-30 cm × 2.8-11 cm, 2- to 3-pinnatifid, oblong-lanceolate in outline. Pinnae hairless or with few small scales below, deeply incised into linear-oblanceolate lobes but with a 2-9 lobed acroscopic basal segment or with some of the lower segments sometimes 2-fid, angled forward at c. 45°.  Sori one per lobe,oval, situated on the lateral margin, half way up the lobe, facing toward the pinnae apex, indusium entire.
Notes: Confusion possible with A. theciferum; A. rutifolium has sori born on the side margins not on the tips of the ultimate lobes. It resembles A. dregeanum; A. rutifolium is not gemmiferous.
Derivation of specific name: Rutifolium: with leaves like Ruta, a genus of the Rutaceae family.
Habitat: Deeply shaded moist evergreen forest. Epiphyte or lithophyte.
Altitude range: (metres) 50 - 2000 m
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, also Yemen and Madagascan region
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 13 November 2011

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 236 - 238. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 94.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 7.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 630 - 631. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 9.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 26.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 374 - 376. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 5.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 170.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 95 - 96.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 185 - 187. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 78.

Other sources of information about Asplenium rutifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Asplenium rutifolium
Flora of Malawi: Asplenium rutifolium
Flora of Mozambique: Asplenium rutifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Asplenium rutifolium
African Plant Database: Asplenium rutifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Asplenium rutifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Asplenium rutifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Asplenium rutifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Asplenium rutifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Asplenium rutifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Asplenium rutifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Asplenium rutifolium
Plants of the World Online: Asplenium rutifolium
Tropicos: Asplenium rutifolium
Wikipedia: Asplenium rutifolium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Asplenium rutifolium., retrieved 18 May 2024

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