Leptaspis zeylanica Nees ex Steud.

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Leptaspis zeylanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chirinda Forest

Leptaspis zeylanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chirinda Forest

Leptaspis zeylanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chirinda Forest

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Leptaspis cochleata Thwaites
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Stout perennial grass, growing from a shallow rhizome, forming dense patches in the understorey of evergreen forest. Culms 0·3-1·20 m. tall, arising from a decumbent base, producing slender stilt-like roots from the lower nodes. Leaf-sheaths longer than the internodes, tight at first, later somewhat loose and sometimes slipping off the culms, striate, glabrous or puberulous. Ligule short, scarious, ciliolate.Leaves up to 30 × 6 cm, oblong-lanceolate, abruptly acute at the apex, asymmetrically attenuate into the 1-2·5(4) cm. long pseudo-petiole, thinly but stiffly chartaceous, somewhat glossy green above; midrib prominent and whitish beneath. Panicle up to 45 × 20 cm., loose, with the branches 2-3 in a whorl; rhachis purplish-green, terete, smooth, usually glabrous; branches patent, deflexed or ascending, more rarely appressed to the rhachis. male spikelets c. 4 mm. long; glumes about 1/2 as long, purplish. hermaphrodite spikelets 4-6·5 mm. long, becoming detached and adhering like burrs by means of hooked hairs; glumes 2-3 mm. long, ovate, acuminate, often purplish. Lemma 4-6 mm. long, conchiform, with prominent ribs; pore lateral. Caryopsis not seen.
Derivation of specific name: zeylanica: from Sri Lanka (Ceylon).
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen forest, usually in dense patches, locally abundant.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa, Madagascar extending to Sri Lanka, Malaysia and the Solomon Is.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 28 December 2006

Launert, E. (1971). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(1) Pages 21 - 23. As Leptaspis cochleata (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 106. As Leptaspis cochleata

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 71.

Other sources of information about Leptaspis zeylanica:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Leptaspis zeylanica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Leptaspis zeylanica
African Plant Database: Leptaspis zeylanica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Leptaspis zeylanica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Leptaspis zeylanica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Leptaspis zeylanica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Leptaspis zeylanica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Leptaspis zeylanica
JSTOR Plant Science: Leptaspis zeylanica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Leptaspis zeylanica
Plants of the World Online: Leptaspis zeylanica
Tropicos: Leptaspis zeylanica
Wikipedia: Leptaspis zeylanica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Leptaspis zeylanica.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=103420, retrieved 21 April 2024

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