Streblochaete longiarista (A. Rich.) Pilg.

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Synonyms: Bromus trichopodus A. Rich.
Danthonia longiarista (A. Rich.) Engl.
Danthonia streblochaeta Steud.
Streblochaete nutans Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Trisetum longiaristum A. Rich.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
A loosely caespitose straggling perennial. Culms up to 90 cm. tall, 3-8-noded, simple or more rarely branched, terete, rather slender, geniculately ascending, glabrous, smooth. Leaf-sheaths shorter than the internodes, striate, somewhat loose, keeled in the upper half, scabrous along the nerves or smooth, glabrous or rarely shortly pilose, with the mouth auricled (the auricles erect, adnate to the ligule). Ligule 6-12 mm. long, often lacerate. Leaf-laminae 7-27 x 0.3-1.1 cm., narrowly linear from an attenuate base, long-tapering to an acute point, flaccid, usually drooping, usually expanded, vivid-green, scaberulous, usually glabrous, rarely pubescent on the upper surface. Panicle 10-17(20) cm. long, rather lax, contracted; rhachis slender, smooth or scaberulous towards the apex; branches up to 10 cm. long becoming gradually shorter towards the apex, filiform, solitary or (the lower) 2-3-nate, the lower ones usually divided the upper simple. Spikelets 15-27 mm. long, pale green to silvery-green; rhachilla internodes 2-3-mm. long, slender, glabrous; callus 2-3 mm. long. Inferior glume 6-10 mm. long, linear-lanceolate; the superior 10-14 mm. long, oblong-lanceolate. Lemmas 13-16 mm. long, becoming gradually shorter towards the apex, glabrous, with the apical lobes 1-2 mm. long, acute; awn 20-43 mm. long. Paleas up to 10 mm. long, the keels usually scaberulous towards the apex. Anthers 2.5-3 mm. long. Caryopsis c. 5 mm. long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In montane or submontane evergreen forest scrub
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Cameroun, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Natal, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 365. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 53.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 62.

Launert, E. (1971). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(1) Pages 67 - 68. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 111.


Other sources of information about Streblochaete longiarista:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Streblochaete longiarista
Flora of Zambia: Streblochaete longiarista

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Streblochaete longiarista
African Plant Database: Streblochaete longiarista
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Streblochaete longiarista
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Streblochaete longiarista
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Streblochaete longiarista
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Streblochaete longiarista
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Streblochaete longiarista
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Streblochaete longiarista
iNaturalist: Streblochaete longiarista
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Streblochaete longiarista
JSTOR Plant Science: Streblochaete longiarista
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Streblochaete longiarista
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Streblochaete longiarista
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Streblochaete longiarista
Plants of the World Online: Streblochaete longiarista
Tropicos: Streblochaete longiarista
Wikipedia: Streblochaete longiarista


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Streblochaete longiarista.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=103670, retrieved 21 October 2021

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