Phalaris arundinacea L.

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Perennial from scaly creeping rhizomes. Culms 50–150 cm. tall. Leaf-blades up to 20 cm. long and 15 mm. wide. Panicle 7–40 cm. long, dense, lobed or interrupted, with short branches up to 5 cm. long, these spreading at anthesis but otherwise contracted about the main axis. Glumes 3.5–7.5 mm. long, acute, wingless or with a very narrow and inconspicuous wing on the keel; sterile florets 2, subulate, 1.2–2.3 mm. long, villous; fertile floret lanceolate, 2.7–4.5 mm. long, dull yellow to grey-brown, sparsely pubescent.
Notes: Recorded by Biegel (1977) as being cultivated in gardens, especially a variegated cultivar 'Picta'.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Stream banks, swamp margins and damp hollows above 1950 m.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: The Mediterranean to the Caucasus. Introduced species. Occurs in similar localities to P. minor, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
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Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 83.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108.

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Page 24. as Phalaris tuberosa X arundinacea


Other sources of information about Phalaris arundinacea:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Phalaris arundinacea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phalaris arundinacea
African Plant Database: Phalaris arundinacea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phalaris arundinacea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phalaris arundinacea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Phalaris arundinacea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Phalaris arundinacea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phalaris arundinacea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Phalaris arundinacea
iNaturalist: Phalaris arundinacea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phalaris arundinacea
JSTOR Plant Science: Phalaris arundinacea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Phalaris arundinacea
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Phalaris arundinacea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phalaris arundinacea
Plants of the World Online: Phalaris arundinacea
Tropicos: Phalaris arundinacea
Wikipedia: Phalaris arundinacea


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Phalaris arundinacea.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=103760, retrieved 16 April 2021

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