G.196. Phalaris L.

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Inflorescence a condensed, ellipsoid to capitate, spike-like panicle. Spikelets laterally flattened, 1-flowered, but with 1-2 lower sterile, much-reduced florets, disarticulating above the glumes. Glumes equal to subequal, 3-nerved, persistent, strongly keeled, the keel usually winged, completely enclosing the florets. Sterile lemmas very small, scale-like, membranous; fertile lemma 5-nerved, coriaceous to indurate, often glossy, acute.

Worldwide: 15 species in the N temperate zone, mainly Mediterranean and in California; also S America and as weeds elsewhere.

Zimbabwe: 2 taxa.

Phalaris arundinacea

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
arundinacea L.CDescription, Image
minor Retz.N,W,C,EDescription

Other sources of information about Phalaris:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Phalaris
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Phalaris

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phalaris
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phalaris
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phalaris
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phalaris
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Phalaris
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phalaris
JSTOR Plant Science: Phalaris
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phalaris
Plants of the World Online: Phalaris
Tropicos: Phalaris
Wikipedia: Phalaris

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Phalaris.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=133, retrieved 4 March 2024

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